Toward a theory of the empirical tracking of individuals: Cognitive flexibility and the functions of attention in integrated tracking
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Psychology 22 (3):353-387 (2009)
How do humans manage to keep track of a gradually changing object or person as the same persisting individual despite the fact that the extraction of information about this individual must often rely on heterogeneous information sources and heterogeneous tracking methods? The article introduces the Empirical Tracking of Individuals theory to address this problem. This theory proposes an analysis of the concept of integrated tracking, which refers to the capacity to acquire, store, and update information about the identity and location of individuals in our environment. It hypothesizes that certain functions of attention are a key to explaining how the cognitive flexibility of the human mind overcomes the heterogeneity of sources and methods in integrated tracking. At least two premises lend support to this hypothesis. First, heterogeneity of tracking sources is overcome by the combination of information from multiple perceptual modalities and a phenomenon of multisensory 'transparency'. Second, heterogeneity of tracking sources and methods may also be overcome by inferences that combine information across domains to acquire reasons to believe propositions about the target's location and identity
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References found in this work BETA
James J. Gibson (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin.
W. V. Quine (1960). Word and Object. The MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Santiago Echeverri (2016). Indexing the World? Visual Tracking, Modularity, and the Perception–Cognition Interface. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (1):215-245.
Sam Wilkinson & Vaughan Bell (2016). The Representation of Agents in Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. Mind and Language 31 (1):104-126.
Anina N. Rich & Nicolas J. Bullot (2014). Keeping Track: The Tracking and Identification of Human Agents. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):560-566.
Sam Wilkinson (2013). Egocentric and Encyclopedic Doxastic States in Delusions of Misidentification. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (2):219-234.
Sam Wilkinson (2016). A Mental Files Approach to Delusional Misidentification. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (2):389-404.
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