David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Inquiry 24 (1):21 – 57 (1981)
I discuss the justification of political violence even within democracies. I define ?violence? and indicate how its evaluative force sometimes has conceptually distorting effects. Though acts of violence are at least prima facie wrong, circumstances can arise where, even in democracies, some of them are morally justified. To establish this, three paradigm cases of non?revolutionary political violence are examined. The question is then discussed whether revolutionary violence is ever justified as a means of establishing or promoting human freedom and happiness. I state the conditions which must be satisfied for such violence to be justified and argue that sometimes these conditions have been satisfied. Finally I argue that discussions of violence are frequently confused by ideological mystification and attempt to go some way towards revealing the sources of that mystification.
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References found in this work BETA
Paul Edwards (ed.) (1967). The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York, Macmillan.
Robert Paul Wolff (1971). In Defense of Anarchism. Journal of Philosophy 68 (18):561-567.
Rex Martin (1975). Two Models for Justifying Political Authority. Ethics 86 (1):70-75.
R. M. Hare (1979). On Terrorism. Journal of Value Inquiry 13 (4):241-249.
Robert Paul Wolff (1969). On Violence. Journal of Philosophy 66 (19):601-616.
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