David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
African Identies 9 (4):363-385 (2011)
Frantz Fanon offers a lucid account of his entrance into the white world where the weightiness of the ‘white gaze’ nearly crushed him. In chapter five of Black Skins, White Masks, he develops his historico-racial and epidermal racial schemata as correctives to Merleau-Ponty’s overly inclusive corporeal schema. Experientially aware of the reality of socially constructed (racialized) subjectivities, Fanon uses his schemata to explain the creation, maintenance, and eventual rigidification of white-scripted ‘blackness’. Through a re-telling of his own experiences of racism, Fanon is able to show how a black person in a racialized context eventually internalizes the ‘white gaze’. In this essay I bring Fanon’s insights into conversation with Foucault’s discussion of panoptic surveillance. Although the internalization of the white narrative creates a situation in which external constraints are no longer needed, Fanon highlights both the historical contingency of ‘blackness’ and the ways in which the oppressed can re-narrate their subjectivities. Lastly, I discuss Fanon’s historically attuned ‘new humanism’, once again engaging Fanon and Foucault as dialogue partners.
|Keywords||white gaze Fanon and resistance racialized subjectivities panoptic surveillance Fanon's new humanism decolonization Fanon and Foucault historico-racial schema epidermal schema|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Neil Roberts (2004). Fanon, Sartre, Violence, and Freedom. Sartre Studies International 10 (2):139-160.
Azzedine Haddour (2005). Sartre and Fanon: On Negritude and Political Participation. Sartre Studies International 11 (s 1-2):286-301.
Anita Chari (2004). Exceeding Recognition. Sartre Studies International 10 (2):110-122.
Richard Pithouse (2001). Independent Intavenshan: Frantz Fanon and the Dialectic of Solidarity. Radical Philosophy Review 4 (1/2):173-192.
Jock McCulloch (1983). Black Soul White Artifact: Fanon's Clinical Psychology and Social Theory. Cambridge University Press.
Robert Bernasconi (2011). Fanon's The Wretched of the Earth as the Fulfillment of Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason. Sartre Studies International 16 (2):36-47.
Pramod K. Nayar (2012). Frantz Fanon. Routledge.
Valentine Moulard-Leonard (2005). Revolutionary Becomings: Negritude's Anti-Humanist Humanism. [REVIEW] Human Studies 28 (3):231 - 249.
Adele Jinadu (1980/1986). Fanon: In Search of the African Revolution. Distributed by Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Daniel Goodey (2001). Isaac Julien. Frantz Fanon: Black Skin, White Mask. Philosophia Africana 4 (2):93-97.
George Ciccariello-Maher (2006). The Internal Limits of the European Gaze. Radical Philosophy Review 9 (2):139-165.
Shannon Sullivan (2004). Ethical Slippages, Shattered Horizons, and the Zebra Striping of the Unconscious: Fanon on Social, Bodily, and Psychical Space. Philosophy and Geography 7 (1):9-24.
Kristin Zeiler (2013). A Phenomenology of Excorporation, Bodily Alienation, and Resistance: Rethinking Sexed and Racialized Embodiment. Hypatia 28 (1):69-84.
Chris Buck (2004). Sartre, Fanon, and the Case for Slavery Reparations. Sartre Studies International 10 (2):123-138.
Added to index2012-10-11
Total downloads211 ( #8,130 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)45 ( #26,187 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?