Graduate studies at Western
Erkenntnis 38 (1):1 - 21 (1993)
|Abstract||The distinction between basic and applied research is notoriously vague, despite its frequent use in science studies and in science policy. In most cases it is based on such pragmatic factors as the knowledge and intentions of the investigator or the type of research institute. Sometimes the validity of the distinction is denied altogether. This paper suggests that there are two ways of distinguishing systematically between basic and applied research: (i) in terms of the utilities that define the aims of inquiry, and (ii) by reference to the structure of the relevant knowledge claims. An important type of applied research aims at results that are expressed by techical norms (in von Wright's sense): if you wish to achieveA, and you believe you are in a situationB, then you should doX. This conception of design sciences allows us to re-evaluate many issues in the history, philosophy, and ethics of science.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Torsten Wilholt (2006). Design Rules: Industrial Research and Epistemic Merit. Philosophy of Science 73 (1):66-89.
Gerard Radnitzky (1974). Towards a System Philosophy of Scientific Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 4 (3):369-398.
Gerard Radnitzky, Håkan Törnebohm & Göran Wallén (1971). Wissenschaftstheorie AlS Forschungswissenschaft. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 2 (1):115-119.
James R. Rest & Darcia Narváez (eds.) (1994). Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics. L. Erlbaum Associates.
E. Mamchur (1990). Is There an Ivory Tower in Reality? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (1):101 – 111.
Joseph Agassi (1980). Between Science and Technology. Philosophy of Science 47 (1):82-99.
Heidi Kjærnet (2010). At Arm's Length? Applied Social Science and its Sponsors. Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (3):161-169.
Sami Pihlström (1999). Applied Philosophy. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (1):121-133.
Gerard Radnitzky (1976). Prinzipielle Problemstellungen der Forschungspolitik. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 7 (2):367-403.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads35 ( #39,328 of 739,180 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,778 of 739,180 )
How can I increase my downloads?