David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (4):359-375 (2010)
Ecological refugees are expected to make up an increasing percentage of overall refugees in the coming decades as predicted climate change related disasters will displace millions of people. In this essay, I focus on those rights ecological refugees may claim on the basis of collective self-determination. To this end, I will focus on a few specific cases that I call cases of ‘ecological refugee states’. Tuvalu, the Maldives, and to a certain extent, Bangladesh are predicted to be ecological refugee states in the near future. These are states whose entire (or close to it) geographical territory is predicted to be lost to rising sea levels; the collective body of the people will itself become an ecological refugee.The question is: what may the people of an ecological refugee state legitimately claim on the basis of their right to self-determination? Should we redraw state borders to accommodate a New Tuvalu? I argue that a plausible position regarding territorial rights is that when (1) a people clearly is (or recently was) self-determining and has a legitimate claim to continue to be self-determining, and (2) the self-determination of a people is existentially threatened because the people lacks territorial rights, that (3) the people becomes a candidate for sovereign over a new territory. The result is that existing state borders may need to change to accommodate something like a New Tuvalu. To generate these results on behalf of ecological refugee states, I examine the principles of the system of territorial states. Because the system of territorial states is a system of exclusive rights over goods, especially land, it is possible that it is subject to the conditions of a Lockean proviso mechanism. This paper is dedicated mainly to adapting a version of the Lockean proviso for use in territorial rights theory
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Lea Ypi (2014). A Permissive Theory of Territorial Rights. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):288-312.
Sarah Fine (2013). The Ethics of Immigration: Self‐Determination and the Right to Exclude. Philosophy Compass 8 (3):254-268.
Avery Kolers (2012). Attachment to Territory: Status or Achievement? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (2):101-123.
Lea Ypi (2013). Territorial Rights and Exclusion. Philosophy Compass 8 (3):241-253.
Fabian Schuppert (2012). Reconsidering Resource Rights: The Case for a Basic Right to the Benefits of Life-Sustaining Ecosystem Services. Journal of Global Ethics 8 (2-3):215-225.
Similar books and articles
Avery Kolers (2012). Floating Provisos and Sinking Islands. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):333-343.
Andy Lamey (2012). A Liberal Theory of Asylum. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (3):235-257.
Matthew Lister (2013). Who Are Refugees? Law and Philosophy 32 (5):645-671.
Omar N. Chaudhary, The Path to Protection: The Rationale for Refugee Law in Pakistan and the Appropriate Direction of Reform.
Jack I. Garvey (1985). Toward a Reformulation of International Refugee Law. Harvard International Law Journal 26 (2):483-500.
Nina Höing & Jona Razzaque (2012). Unacknowledged and Unwanted? 'Environmental Refugees' in Search of Legal Status. Journal of Global Ethics 8 (1):19-40.
A. John Simmons (2001). On the Territorial Rights of States. Noûs 35 (s1):300-326.
Tibor R. Machan (2009). Self-Ownership and the Lockean Proviso. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (1):93-98.
Mamashakirov Saidmurad (2008). Modeling of Ecologic Policy of the States of the Central Asia. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 23:131-137.
Serena Parekh (2012). Does Ordinary Injustice Make Extraordinary Injustice Possible? Gender, Structural Injustice, and the Ethics of Refugee Determination. Journal of Global Ethics 8 (2-3):269-281.
Jaakko Kuosmanen (2013). What (If Anything) Is Wrong with Trading Refugee Quotas? Res Publica 19 (2):103-119.
Chris Kerlin (2010). Twenty Million Environmental Refugees and Counting. Environmental Ethics 32 (2):149-163.
Sune Lægaard (2010). What is the Right to Exclude Immigrants? Res Publica 16 (3):245-262.
Ayelet Banai (2013). Political Self-Determination and Global Egalitarianism. Social Theory and Practice 39 (1):45-69.
Helga Varden (2012). The Lockean Enough-and-as-Good Proviso: An Internal Critique. Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (3):410-442.
Added to index2010-08-26
Total downloads90 ( #46,497 of 1,907,521 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #77,700 of 1,907,521 )
How can I increase my downloads?