Accountability in a computerized society

Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):25-42 (1996)
This essay warns of eroding accountability in computerized societies. It argues that assumptions about computing and features of situations in which computers are produced create barriers to accountability. Drawing on philosophical analyses of moral blame and responsibility, four barriers are identified: 1) the problem of many hands, 2) the problem of bugs, 3) blaming the computer, and 4) software ownership without liability. The paper concludes with ideas on how to reverse this trend.
Keywords accountability  bugs  computer ethics  liability  moral responsibility  standard of care
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DOI 10.1007/BF02639315
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Brian Cantwell Smith (1985). The Limits of Correctness. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 14 (1):18-26.

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