Why code of conduct violations go unreported: A conceptual framework to guide intervention and future research [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 57 (4):327 - 341 (2005)
. The ability to enforce the provisions of a code of conduct influences whether the code is effective in shaping behavior. Enforcement relies in part on the willingness of organization members to report violations of the code, but research from the business and educational environment suggests that fewer than half of those who observe code violations follow their organizations procedures for reporting them. Based on a review of the literature in the business and educational environments, and a survey of 3605 students at a mid-sized comprehensive university, this paper attempts to make conceptual sense of the non-reporting phenomenon. We present a conceptual framework based on four distinct factors which we have labeled: (1) factual non-responsibility; (2) moral non-responsibility; (3) consequential exoneration; and, (4) functional exoneration. Each of these factors suggest a different remedial strategy as well as provide a theoretical foundation for future research. Testable propositions for future research are developed, and some implications for organization leaders are discussed.
|Keywords||code of conduct enforcement reporting misconduct|
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References found in this work BETA
Linda Klebe Treviño (2010). Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk About How to Do It Right. Wiley.
Janet S. Adams, Armen Tashchian & Ted H. Shore (2001). Codes of Ethics as Signals for Ethical Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 29 (3):199 - 211.
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Zabihollah Rezaee, Robert C. Elmore & Joseph Z. Szendi (2001). Ethical Behavior in Higher Educational Institutions: The Role of the Code of Conduct. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (2):171 - 183.
Citations of this work BETA
Betsy Stevens (2008). Corporate Ethical Codes: Effective Instruments For Influencing Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):601-609.
Hassink Harold, Vries Meinderd de & Bollen Laury (2007). A Content Analysis of Whistleblowing Policies of Leading European Companies. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (1):25 - 44.
Steven Kaplan, Kurt Pany, Janet Samuels & Jian Zhang (2009). An Examination of the Association Between Gender and Reporting Intentions for Fraudulent Financial Reporting. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):15-30.
Daan Schuurbiers, Patricia Osseweijer & Julian Kinderlerer (2009). Implementing the Netherlands Code of Conduct for Scientific Practice—a Case Study. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):213-231.
Jennifer Minarcik & Ana J. Bridges (2015). Psychology Graduate Students Weigh In: Qualitative Analysis of Academic Dishonesty and Suggestion Prevention Strategies. Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (2):197-216.
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