Why code of conduct violations go unreported: A conceptual framework to guide intervention and future research [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 57 (4):327 - 341 (2005)
. The ability to enforce the provisions of a code of conduct influences whether the code is effective in shaping behavior. Enforcement relies in part on the willingness of organization members to report violations of the code, but research from the business and educational environment suggests that fewer than half of those who observe code violations follow their organizations procedures for reporting them. Based on a review of the literature in the business and educational environments, and a survey of 3605 students at a mid-sized comprehensive university, this paper attempts to make conceptual sense of the non-reporting phenomenon. We present a conceptual framework based on four distinct factors which we have labeled: (1) factual non-responsibility; (2) moral non-responsibility; (3) consequential exoneration; and, (4) functional exoneration. Each of these factors suggest a different remedial strategy as well as provide a theoretical foundation for future research. Testable propositions for future research are developed, and some implications for organization leaders are discussed.
|Keywords||code of conduct enforcement reporting misconduct|
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Citations of this work BETA
Nicole Andreoli & Joel Lefkowitz (2009). Individual and Organizational Antecedents of Misconduct in Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3):309 - 332.
Steven Kaplan, Kurt Pany, Janet Samuels & Jian Zhang (2009). An Examination of the Association Between Gender and Reporting Intentions for Fraudulent Financial Reporting. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):15 - 30.
Jeff S. Everett, Dean Neu & Daniel Martinez (2008). Multi-Stakeholder Labour Monitoring Organizations: Egoists, Instrumentalists, or Moralists? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):117 - 142.
June Poon & Raja Ainuddin (2011). Selected Ethical Issues in the Analysis and Reporting of Research: Survey of Business School Faculty in Malaysia. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (4):307-322.
Esther Pittroff (forthcoming). Whistle-Blowing Systems and Legitimacy Theory: A Study of the Motivation to Implement Whistle-Blowing Systems in German Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics.
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