Phenomenal Time and its Biological Correlates
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (5):560-572 (2010)
Our goal is to investigate the biological correlates of the first-person experience of time or phenomenal time. ‘Time’ differs in various domains, such as (i) physical time (e.g., clock time), (ii) biological time, such as the suprachiasmatic nucleus, and (iii) the perceptual rate of time. One psychophysical-measure of the perceptual rate is the critical flicker frequency (CFF), in which a flashing light is perceived as unchanging. Focusing on the inability to detect change, as in CFF, may give us insight into phenomenal time. CFF varies from 24 Hz for dim light and 60 Hz in bright light and is lower for colored lights. We propose that problem of the phenomenal time can be addressed using two contrasting but complementary approaches (inability to detect changes vs. ability to detect changes): (1) The soliton-catalytic model that entails invariant quantum coherent state for temporal frequencies (TFs) >= CFF, where flickering light is perceived as unchanging, similar to a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). (2) Temporal frequency tuned mechanisms model, which starts with ability to detect changes for TFs < CFF and then their sensitivities decreases to zero at CFF. For a subject who has CFF of 60 Hz, the duration of one cycle or time-period of the flickering light is approximately 16.7 ms. Phenomenal time may be quantized into ‘subjective occasions of experience’ (SE), which arise out of the interaction of the individual with situation (environment). Pioneering work examining the complex interaction of neurons suggests the possibility that macroscopic quantum states similar to a BEC may also occur in the brain (Davia, 2006; Freeman & Vitiello, 2006; Georgiev, 2004; Vimal & Davia, 2008) .
|Keywords||time philosophy of time philosophy of mind special relativity psychological time timelessness spacetime|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack (2011). Time in Cognitive Development. In Craig Callender (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time. Oxford University Press.
Pedro M. S. Alves (2008). Objective Time and the Experience of Time: Husserl's Theory of Time in Light of Some Theses of A. Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 24 (3):205-229.
L. Nathan Oaklander & V. Alan White (2007). B-Time: A Reply to Tallant. Analysis 67 (4):332–340.
Étienne Klein (2007). About the Confusion Between the Course of Time and the Arrow of Time. Foundations of Science 12 (3):203-221.
Douglas Kutach (2013). Time Travel and Time Machines. In Adrian Bardon & Heather Dyke (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Time. Blackwell.
Eva Hoffman (2009). Time. Profile Books.
Michal Klincewicz (2013). Time, Unity, and Conscious Experience. Dissertation, CUNY Graduate Center
Craig Callender (ed.) (2011). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time. Oxford University Press.
Robert W. Latzer (1972). Nondirected Light Signals and the Structure of Time. Synthese 24 (1-2):236 - 280.
Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack (eds.) (2001). Time and Memory: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press.
Shimon Edelman & Tomer Fekete (2012). Being in Time. In Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.), Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience. John Benjamins. 88--81.
James Wetzel (1995). Time After Augustine. Religious Studies 31 (3):341 - 357.
John Earman (1967). On Going Backward in Time. Philosophy of Science 34 (3):211-222.
J. T. Fraser (1987). Time, the Familiar Stranger. University of Massachusetts Press.
Added to index2010-09-22
Total downloads15 ( #104,422 of 1,096,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?