David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sociological Theory 21 (1):18-30 (2003)
Prompted by the lack of attention by sociologists and the challenge of materialist explanations of warfare in "precivilized" societies posed by Keeley (1996), this paper tests and finds support for two materialist hypotheses concerning the likelihood of warfare in preindustrial societies: specifically, that, as argued by ecological-evolutionary theory, dominant mode of subsistence is systematically related to rates of warfare; and that, within some levels of technological development, higher levels of "population pressure" are associated with a greater likelihood of warfare. Using warfare measures developed by Ember and Ember (1995), measures of subsistence technology originally developed by Lenski (1966, 1970), and the standard sample of societies developed by Murdock and White (1969), this study finds evidence that warfare is more likely in advanced horticultural and agrarian societies than it is in hunting-and-gathering and simple horticultural societies, and that it is also more likely in hunting-and-gathering and agrarian societies that have above-average population densities. These findings offer substantial support for ecological-evolutionary theory and qualified but intriguing support for "population pressure" as explanations of cross-cultural variation in the likelihood of warfare
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Niek Koning (2013). Witchcraft Beliefs and Witch Hunts. Human Nature 24 (2):158-181.
Similar books and articles
G. R. Pitman (2011). The Evolution of Human Warfare. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):352-379.
Rae Lesser Blumberg (2004). Extending Lenski's Schema to Hold Up Both Halves of the Sky: A Theory-Guided Way of Conceptualizing Agrarian Societies That Illuminates a Puzzle About Gender Stratification. Sociological Theory 22 (2):278-291.
Bernice McNair Barnett (2004). Introduction: The Life, Career, and Social Thought of Gerhard Lenski: Scholar, Teacher, Mentor, Leader. Sociological Theory 22 (2):163-193.
Michael D. Kennedy (2004). Evolution and Event in History and Social Change: Gerhard Lenski's Critical Theory. Sociological Theory 22 (2):315-327.
Emilio Mordini (2005). Biowarfare as a Biopolitical Icon. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (4):242-255.
Mariarosaria Taddeo (2012). Information Warfare: A Philosophical Perspective. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):105-120.
John Arquilla (1999). Can Information Warfare Ever Be Just? Ethics and Information Technology 1 (3):203-212.
Steven A. LeBlanc (2003). Constant Battles: The Myth of the Peaceful, Noble Savage. St. Martin's Press.
François Nielsen (2004). The Ecological-Evolutionary Typology of Human Societies and the Evolution of Social Inequality. Sociological Theory 22 (2):292-314.
Patrick D. Nolan (2004). Ecological-Evolutionary Theory: A Reanalysis and Reassessment of Lenski's Theory for the 21st Century. Sociological Theory 22 (2):328-337.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #195,104 of 1,679,474 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #182,904 of 1,679,474 )
How can I increase my downloads?