Criteria of justice: Desert, needs and equality [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Res Publica 7 (2):115-136 (2001)
The conception of social justice as equality is defended in this paper by examining what may appear to be two inegalitarian conceptions of justice, as distribution according to desert and as distribution according to need. It is argued that claims of just entitlement arise within a context of reciprocal co-operation for mutual benefit. Within such a context there are special cases where it can be said that those who contribute more deserve more, and that those who need more should get more, but those claims themselves presuppose a norm of equal contribution and equal benefit.
|Keywords||compensation contribution co-operation desert equality justice need reciprocity reward|
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Ben Saunders (2010). Fairness Between Competing Claims. Res Publica 16 (1):41-55.
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