David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):299-325 (2000)
Top-down feedback does not benefit speech recognition; on the contrary, it can hinder it. No experimental data imply that feedback loops are required for speech recognition. Feedback is accordingly unnecessary and spoken word recognition is modular. To defend this thesis, we analyse lexical involvement in phonemic decision making. TRACE (McClelland & Elman 1986), a model with feedback from the lexicon to prelexical processes, is unable to account for all the available data on phonemic decision making. The modular Race model (Cutler & Norris 1979) is likewise challenged by some recent results, however. We therefore present a new modular model of phonemic decision making, the Merge model. In Merge, information flows from prelexical processes to the lexicon without feedback. Because phonemic decisions are based on the merging of prelexical and lexical information, Merge correctly predicts lexical involvement in phonemic decisions in both words and nonwords. Computer simulations show how Merge is able to account for the data through a process of competition between lexical hypotheses. We discuss the issue of feedback in other areas of language processing and conclude that modular models are particularly well suited to the problems and constraints of speech recognition. Key Words: computational modeling; feedback; lexical processing; modularity; phonemic decisions; reading; speech recognition; word recognition.
|Keywords||computational modeling feedback lexical processing modularity phonemic decisions reading speech recognition word recognition|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Nick Chater & Christopher D. Manning (2006). Probabilistic Models of Language Processing and Acquisition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):335-344.
James L. McClelland, Daniel Mirman, Donald J. Bolger & Pranav Khaitan (2014). Interactive Activation and Mutual Constraint Satisfaction in Perception and Cognition. Cognitive Science 38 (6):1139-1189.
Manuel Carreiras, Blair C. Armstrong, Manuel Perea & Ram Frost (2014). The What, When, Where, and How of Visual Word Recognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):90-98.
James M. McQueen, Anne Cutler & Dennis Norris (2006). Phonological Abstraction in the Mental Lexicon. Cognitive Science 30 (6):1113-1126.
Matthew K. Leonard & Edward F. Chang (2014). Dynamic Speech Representations in the Human Temporal Lobe. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (9):472-479.
Similar books and articles
M. Gareth Gaskell (2000). Modeling Lexical Effects on Phonetic Categorization and Semantic Effects on Word Recognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):329-330.
Irene Appelbaum (2000). Merging Information Versus Speech Recognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):325-326.
Michael K. Tanenhaus, James S. Magnuson, Bob McMurray & Richard N. Aslin (2000). No Compelling Evidence Against Feedback in Spoken Word Recognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):348-349.
Dennis Norris, James M. McQueen & Anne Cutler (2000). Feedback on Feedback on Feedback: It's Feedforward. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):352-363.
Richard M. Warren (2000). Phonemic Organization Does Not Occur: Hence No Feedback. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):350-351.
Richard Shillcock (2000). Interaction, Function Words, and the Wider Goals of Speech Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):346-346.
Frédéric Isel (2000). What Sort of Model Could Account for an Early Autonomy and a Late Interaction Revealed by ERPs? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):333-334.
David W. Gow (2000). One Phonemic Representation Should Suffice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):331-331.
Tobey L. Doeleman, Joan A. Sereno, Allard Jongman & Sara C. Sereno (2000). Features and Feedback. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):328-329.
Louisa M. Slowiaczek (2000). Hesitations and Clarifications on a Model to Abandon Feedback. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):347-347.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads21 ( #134,685 of 1,724,748 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #210,951 of 1,724,748 )
How can I increase my downloads?