David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Critical Realism 11 (1):76-93 (2012)
This essay argues that critical realism provides a philosophical perspective from which to talk about good and evil. It draws on dialectical critical realism’s meta-ethics of freedom and solidarity, and the different grades of freedom identified there: from the basic spontaneity in agency to the possibility of a fully flourishing, eudaimonic social condition. It argues that evil acts can be understood as those which fundamentally deny basic human freedom (spontaneity) and solidarity, and that good acts are those which affirm human flourishing and solidarity. It draws upon Hannah Arendt’s depiction of what was morally evil in the Holocaust, and recent English criminal trials involving mercy killing to depict the good. It suggests that moral framing in terms of good and evil lies beyond the terms in which modern law thinks of human actions
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References found in this work BETA
Alan W. Norrie (2010). Dialectic and Difference: Dialectical Critical Realism and the Grounds of Justice. Routledge.
Arne Johan Vetlesen (2005). Evil and Human Agency: Understanding Collective Evildoing. Cambridge University Press.
Andrew Collier (1999). Being and Worth. Routledge.
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