Two visual systems and two theories of perception: An attempt to reconcile the constructivist and ecological approaches
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):73-96 (2001)
The two contrasting theoretical approaches to visual perception, the constructivist and the ecological, are briefly presented and illustrated through their analyses of space and size perception. Earlier calls for their reconciliation and unification are reviewed. Neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and psychophysical evidence for the existence of two quite distinct visual systems, the ventral and the dorsal, is presented. These two perceptual systems differ in their functions; the ventral system's central function is that of identification, while the dorsal system is mainly engaged in the visual control of motor behavior. The strong parallels between the ecological approach and the functioning of the dorsal system, and between the constructivist approach and the functioning of the ventral system are noted. It is also shown that the experimental paradigms used by the proponents of these two approaches match the functions of the respective visual systems. A dual-process approach to visual perception emerges from this analysis, with the ecological-dorsal process transpiring mainly without conscious awareness, while the constructivist-ventral process is normally conscious. Some implications of this dual-process approach to visual-perceptual phenomena are presented, with emphasis on space perception. Key Words: constructivist; dual-process approach; ecological; size perception; space perception; two visual systems; visual perception theories.
|Keywords||constructivist dual-process approach ecological size perception space perception two visual systems visual perception theories|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Athanassios Raftopoulos & Vincent C. Müller (2006). The Phenomenal Content of Experience. Mind and Language 21 (2):187-219.
Silvano Zipoli Caiani (2014). Extending the Notion of Affordance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):275-293.
Athanassios Raftopoulos (2006). Defending Realism on the Proper Ground. Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):47-77.
Athanasios Raftopoulos (2009). Reference, Perception, and Attention. Philosophical Studies 144 (3):339 - 360.
Similar books and articles
Bence Nanay (2011). Perceiving Pictures. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (4):461-480.
J. Alex Shull & Geoffrey P. Bingham (2001). Two Visual Systems Must Still Perceive Events. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):118-119.
Darren Burke & William G. Hayward (2001). Two Visual Systems but Only One Theory of Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):100-100.
Clinton Cooper & Claire F. Michaels (2001). Perception, Learning, and Judgment in Ecological Psychology: Who Needs a Constructivist Ventral System? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):101-102.
Denis Mareschal & Jordy Kaufman (2001). The Dual Route Hypothesis in Visual Cognition: Why a Developmental Approach is Necessary. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):111-112.
Snježana Prijić-Samaržija (2004). Some Epistemological Consequences of The Dual-Aspect Theory of Visual Perception. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):273-290.
George J. Andersen (2001). Are the Dorsal/Ventral Pathways Sufficiently Distinct to Resolve Perceptual Theory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):96-97.
Denise D. J. de Grave, Jeroen B. J. Smeets & Eli Brenner (2001). Ecological and Constructivist Approaches and the Influence of Illusions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):103-104.
Jason S. McCarley & Gregory J. DiGirolamo (2001). One Visual System with Two Interacting Visual Streams. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):112-113.
Wayne Shebilske (2001). Integrating Constructivist and Ecological Approaches. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):117-118.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads113 ( #26,364 of 1,727,128 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #136,556 of 1,727,128 )
How can I increase my downloads?