Environmental Ethics 17 (4):341-358 (1995)
|Abstract||I contrast two roles for environmental philosophers—“applied philosophy” and “practical philosophy”—and show that the strategy of applied philosophy encourages an axiological and monistic approach to theory building. I argue that the mission of applied philosophy, and the monistic theory defended by J. Baird Callicott, in particular, tends to separate philosophers and their problems from real management issues because applied philosophers and moral monists insist that theoretical exploration occurs independent of, and prior to, applications in particular situations. This separation of theory and practice suggests that philosophers are likely to be effective in policy discussions only to the degree that they can offer unquestioned theories that adjudicate real problems. Callicott offers his monistic, ontological approach as universal guidance to environmental activists and decision makers, arguing that ecosystems and communities are moral subjects that can “own” their own inherent value. Callicott’s theory, however, faces a crucial, unanswered theoretical dilemma which illustrates the impossibility of the dual task Callicott has set for his theory—to provide a single, ontological unification of ethics under nonanthropocentric holism and to capture the fine nuances of ethical obligations as experienced in varied communities. I also show that monistic assumptions have led to an unfortunate interpretation ofAldo Leopold’s land ethic and that a pluralist and pragmatist direction is likely to provide a more efficacious and theoretically defensible direction for further study of environmental philosophy in a more practical mode|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Darren Domsky (2006). The Inadequacy of Callicott's Ecological Communitarianism. Environmental Ethics 28 (4):395-412.
Lee Hester, Dennis McPherson & Annie Booth (2000). Indigenous Worlds and Callicott's Land Ethic. Environmental Ethics 22 (3):273-290.
Annie Booth (2000). Indigenous Worlds and Callicott's Land Ethic. Environmental Ethics 22 (3):273-290.
Y. S. Lo (2001). The Land Ethic and Callicott's Ethical System (1980-2001): An Overview and Critique. Inquiry 44 (3):331 – 358.
Peter S. Wenz (1999). Pragmatism in Practice. Environmental Ethics 21 (4):391-410.
Peter S. Wenz (1999). Pragmatism in Practice: The Efficiency of Sustainable Agriculture. Environmental Ethics 21 (4):391-410.
James Fieser (1993). Callicott and the Metaphysical Basis of Ecocentric Morality. Environmental Ethics 15 (2):171-180.
Jim Cheney (1991). Callicott's “Metaphysics of Morals”. Environmental Ethics 13 (4):311-325.
J. Baird Callicott (1996). On Norton and the Failure of Monistic Inherentism. Environmental Ethics 18 (2):219-221.
Ernest Partridge (1996). Ecological Morality and Nonmoral Sentiments. Environmental Ethics 18 (2):149-163.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #89,057 of 556,776 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,847 of 556,776 )
How can I increase my downloads?