David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Vivarium 45 (s 2-3):343-359 (2007)
I propose to examine the issue of whether the ancient tradition in logic continued to be developed in the later medieval period from the vantage point of the relations between two specific groups of theories, namely the medieval theories of supposition and the (originally) ancient theories of fallacies. More specifically, I examine whether supposition theories absorbed and replaced theories of fallacies, or whether the latter continued to exist, with respect to one particular author, William of Ockham. I compare different parts of Ockham's Summa Logicae, namely III-4 (on fallacies), and the final chapters of part I and first chapters of part II (on supposition). I conclude that there is overlap of conceptual apparatus and of goals (concerning propositions that must be distinguished) in Ockham's theories of supposition and of fallacies, but that the respective conceptual apparatuses also present substantial dissimilarities. Hence, theories of supposition are better seen as an addition to the general logical framework that medieval authors had inherited from ancient times, rather than the replacement of an ancient tradition by a medieval one. Indeed, supposition theories and fallacy theories had different tasks to fulfil, and in this sense both had their place in fourteenth century logic.
|Keywords||THEORY OF FALLACIES DISTINGUISHING PROPOSITIONS SUPPOSITION THEORY OCKHAM|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alexander Broadie (1993). Introduction to Medieval Logic. Oxford University Press.
Terence Parsons (1994). Anaphoric Pronouns in Very Late Medieval Supposition Theory. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (5):429 - 445.
Terence Parsons (2013). Missing Modes of Supposition. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 27 (sup1):1-24.
Terence Parsons (1997). Supposition as Quantification Versus Supposition as Global Quantificational Effect. Topoi 16 (1):41-63.
Gareth B. Matthews (1997). Two Theories of Supposition? Topoi 16 (1):35-40.
Paul Vincent Spade (1997). Walter Burley on the Simple Supposition of Singular Terms. Topoi 16 (1):7-13.
Mikko Yrjönsuuri (1997). Supposition and Truth in Ockham's Mental Language. Topoi 16 (1):15-25.
L. M. De Rijk (1962). Logica Modernorum. Assen, Van Gorcum.
Catarina Dutilh Novaes (2008). An Intensional Interpretation of Ockham's Theory of Supposition. Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (3):pp. 365-393.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads36 ( #58,143 of 1,692,577 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #57,552 of 1,692,577 )
How can I increase my downloads?