David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Samuel Scheffler (ed.), Consequentialism and its Critics. Oxford University Press (1988)
The night-watchman state of classical liberal theory, limited to the functions of protecting all its citizens against violence, theft, and fraud, and to the enforcement of contracts, and so on, appears to be redistributive.1 We can imagine at least one social arrangement intermediate between the scheme of private protective associations and the night-watchman state. Since the nightwatchman state is often called a minimal state, we shall call this other arrangement the ultraminimal state. An ultraminimal state maintains a monopoly over all use of force except that necessary in immediate selfdefence, and so excludes private (or agency) retaliation for wrong and exaction of compensation; but it provides protection and enforcement services only to those who purchase its protection and enforcement policie., People who don't buy a protection contract from the monopoly don't get protected. The minimal (night-watchman) state is equivalent to the ultraminimal state conjoined with a (clearly redistributive) Friedmanesque voucher plan, financed from tax revenues.2 Under this plan all people, or some (for example, those in need), are given tax-funded vouchers that can be used only for their purchase of a protection policy from the ultraminimal state.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
William A. Edmundson (2005). First Force. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 1 (3):1-8.
Peter Vallentyne (2007). Libertarianism and the State. Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):187-205.
Ralf M. Bader (2011). The Framework for Utopia. In The Cambridge Companion to Nozick's 'Anarchy, State, and Utopia'. Cambridge University Press.
Richard A. Epstein (2005). One Step Beyond Nozick's Minimal State: The Role of Forced Exchanges in Political Theory. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):286-313.
Charles Sayward & Wayne Wasserman (1981). Has Nozick Justified the State? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 62 (4):411-415.
Jonathan R. Macey (2006). Government as Investor: Tax Policy and the State. Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (2):255-286.
Daniel Béland (2005). Insecurity, Citizenship, and Globalization: The Multiple Faces of State Protection. Sociological Theory 23 (1):25-41.
John Hasnas (2003). Reflections on the Minimal State. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):115-128.
Murray Rothbard (1977). Robert Nozick and the Immaculate Conception of the State. Journal of Libertarian Studies 1 (1):45-57.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads132 ( #10,622 of 1,696,342 )
Recent downloads (6 months)16 ( #31,278 of 1,696,342 )
How can I increase my downloads?