David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (2):159-178 (2006)
All modern liberal democracies have strong reasons to support an idea of toleration, understood as involving respect, not only grudging acceptance, and to extend it to all religious and secular doctrines, limiting only conduct that violates the rights of other citizens. There is no modern democracy, however, in which toleration of this sort is a stable achievement. Why is toleration, attractive in principle, so difficult to achieve? The normative case for toleration was well articulated by John Locke in his influential A Letter Concerning Toleration , although his attractive proposal thus rests on a fragile foundation. Kant did much more, combining a Lockean account of the state with a profound diagnosis of radical evil, the tendencies in all human beings to militate against stable toleration and respect. But Kant proposed no mechanism through which the state might mitigate the harmful influence of radical evil, thus rendering toleration stable. One solution to this problem was proposed by Rousseau, but it has deep problems. How, then, can a respectful pluralistic society shore up the fragile human basis of toleration, especially in a world in which we need to cultivate toleration not only within each state, but also among peoples and states, in this interlocking world? Key Words: toleration emotion evil liberal democracy Locke Mill Kant Rousseau.
|Keywords||emotion Locke Mill evil Rousseau liberal democracy toleration Kant|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Kevin Vallier (2013). Can Liberal Perfectionism Justify Religious Toleration? Wall on Promoting and Respecting. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):645-664.
Samuel Clark (2009). No Abiding City: Hume, Naturalism, and Toleration. Philosophy 84 (1):75-94.
Susan Mendus & David Edwards (eds.) (1987). On Toleration. Oxford University Press.
Andrew Jason Cohen (2004). What Toleration Is. Ethics 115 (1):68-95.
J. Judd Owen, Locke's Case for Religious Toleration: Its Neglected Foundation in the Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
Kyle Swan (2010). Legal Toleration for Belief and Behaviour. History of Political Thought 31 (1):87-106.
Michael Blake (2002). Toleration and Reciprocity: Commentary on Martha Nussbaum and Henry Shue. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (3):325-335.
Micah Schwartzman (2005). The Relevance of Locke's Religious Arguments for Toleration. Political Theory 33 (5):678 - 705.
Ryszard Legutko (1999). Toleration and Multiculturalism. Critical Review 13 (1-2):115-127.
Cristian Lupu (2007). Tolerating Nonliberal States: Human Rights as a Grounding Principle? Journal of Global Ethics 3 (2):223 – 235.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads83 ( #14,562 of 1,096,845 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #40,366 of 1,096,845 )
How can I increase my downloads?