David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 28 (1):19 (2008)
It is the purpose of this article to make the positive case for an under-appreciated conception of rights: specified rights. In contrast to rights conceived generally, a specified right can stand against different behaviour in different circumstances, so that what conflicts with a right in one context may not conflict with it in another. The specified conception of rights thus combines into a single inquiry the two questions that must be answered in invoking the general conception of rights, identifying the content of a right in light of what is justifiable to do under the circumstances. I present the case for specificationism in four sections, focusing on property rights. First, I argue that rights are based upon more fundamental reasons, and that this instrumentalism is compatible only with specificationism—a fact necessity cases illuminate. Next, I explain how specificationism embodies a fully moralized understanding of rights, and point to a dilemma that one faces in denying this. Third, I argue that the gap in property rights exposed in necessity cases entails that there is no right-based duty to compensate in such cases. Finally, I offer an error theory to explain the (false) attraction of the general conception of property rights.
|Keywords||Rights Specificationism Tort Theory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Frej Klem Thomsen (2015). Prostitution, Disability and Prohibition. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (6):451-459.
Marcus Agnafors (2015). Mixing Interest and Control? Assessing Peter Vallentyne’s Hybrid Theory of Rights. Philosophia 43 (4):933-949.
J. D. Shepherd (2012). A Human Right Not to Be Punished? Punishment as Derogation of Rights. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):31-45.
Similar books and articles
Andrew Botterell (2008). In Defence of Infringement. Law and Philosophy 27 (3):269-292.
John Deigh (1988). On Rights and Responsibilities. Law and Philosophy 7 (2):147 - 178.
John Deign (1988). On Rights and Responsibilities. Law and Philosophy 7 (2):147-178.
José Juan Moreso (2012). Ways of Solving Conflicts of Constitutional Rights: Proportionalism and Specificationism. Ratio Juris 25 (1):31-46.
W. J. Talbott (2010). Human Rights and Human Well-Being. Oxford University Press.
J. M. Elegido (1995). Intrinsic Limitations of Property Rights. Journal of Business Ethics 14 (5):411 - 416.
Seumas Miller (2000). Collective Rights and Minority Rights. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):241-257.
George E. Panichas (1985). The Structure of Basic Human Rights. Law and Philosophy 4 (3):343 - 375.
Manuel Toscano (2012). Language Rights as Collective Rights: Some Conceptual Considerations on Language Rights. Res Publica 27:109-118.
Rowan Cruft (2006). Against Individualistic Justifications of Property Rights. Utilitas 18 (2):154-172.
Larry May (1986). Corporate Property Rights. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (3):225 - 232.
Jeremy Waldron (1998). Participation: The Right of Rights. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98 (3):307–337.
Katherine Eddy (2006). Welfare Rights and Conflicts of Rights. Res Publica 12 (4):337-356.
A. I. Melden (1977). Rights and Persons. University of California Press.
Added to index2011-03-16
Total downloads27 ( #140,944 of 1,793,151 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #344,170 of 1,793,151 )
How can I increase my downloads?