David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (2):91-104 (1994)
All organised bodies are composed of parts, similar to those composing inorganic nature, and which have even themselves existed in an inorganic state; but the phenomena of life, which result from the juxtaposition of those parts in a certain manner, bear no analogy to any of the effects which would be produced by the action of the component substances considered as mere physical agents. To whatever degree we might imagine our knowledge of the properties of the several ingredients of a living body to be extended and perfected, it is certain that no mere summing up of the separate actions of those elements will ever amount to the action of the living body itself
|Keywords||Dualism Empiricism Epistemology Nature Property|
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Hong Yu Wong (2005). The Metaphysics of Emergence. Noûs 39 (4):658 - 678.
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N. P. Landsman (2013). Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Quantum Systems: Emergence or Reduction? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 44 (4):379-394.
Patrick Lewtas (2013). Emergence and Consciousness. Philosophy 88 (4):527-553.
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