David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 73 (5):720-729 (2006)
(Total word count 2,647) I. Introduction. Given the work of Robert MacArthur and his followers, some skeptical ecologists charge that theoretical modeling building has gone evidentially unconstrained. That is, models are often constructed which resist empirical testing. In this essay, I argue that “bottle experiments” do provide model building with important evidential constraints using an example of chaos producing models that have been tested against the dynamics of flour beetle populations. Critics reply however that this and other bottle experiments are importantly unlike and irrelevant to non-manipulated systems in nature. I provide two possible responses to this view. Finally, I provide a practical suggestion for how to move the debate forward.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Nancy Cartwright (1999). The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science. Cambridge University Press.
Jay Odenbaugh (2006). Struggling with the Science of Ecology. Biology and Philosophy 21 (3):395-409.
Gregory John Cooper (2003). The Science of the Struggle for Existence: On the Foundations of Ecology. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Malcolm A. MacIver (2001). How Building Physical Models Can Reduce and Guide the Abstraction of Nature. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1066-1067.
Walker Percy (1959). The Message in the Bottle. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):405-433.
Jay Odenbaugh (2003). Complex Systems, Trade-Offs, and Theoretical Population Biology: Richard Levin's "Strategy of Model Building in Population Biology" Revisited. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1496-1507.
Eric Winsberg (2006). Models of Success Versus the Success of Models: Reliability Without Truth. Synthese 152 (1):1 - 19.
Jay Odenbaugh (2003). Complex Systems, Trade‐Offs, and Theoretical Population Biology: Richard Levin's “Strategy of Model Building in Population Biology” Revisited. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1496-1507.
Jeffrey Koperski (1998). Models, Confirmation, and Chaos. Philosophy of Science 65 (4):624-648.
Jay Odenbaugh (2006). The Strategy of “the Strategy of Model Building in Population Biology”. Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):607-621.
Thomas J. Dohmen (2002). Building and Using Economic Models: A Case Study Analysis of the IS-LL Model. Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (2):191-212.
Jay Odenbaugh (2005). Idealized, Inaccurate but Successful: A Pragmatic Approach to Evaluating Models in Theoretical Ecology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):231-255.
Jay Odenbaugh (2006). Message in the Bottle: The Constraints of Experimentation on Model Building. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):720-729.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads798 ( #606 of 1,792,914 )
Recent downloads (6 months)320 ( #233 of 1,792,914 )
How can I increase my downloads?