David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 74 (5):628-641 (2007)
In this essay I first provide an analysis of various community concepts. Second, I evaluate two of the most serious challenges to the existence of communities—gradient and paleoecological analysis respectively—arguing that, properly understood, neither threatens the existence of communities construed interactively. Finally, I apply the same interactive approach to ecosystem ecology, arguing that ecosystems may exist robustly as well. ‡I would like to thank to the participants at the Ecology and Environmental Ethics Conference at the University of Utah, the Philosophy of Ecology Conference hosted by the University of Brisbane, and those participants in a session at the Philosophy of Science Association Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia for helpful discussions of this essay. Specific thanks go to Mark Colyvan, Greg Cooper, Steve Downes, Chris Elliott, Marc Ereshefsky, Paul Griffiths, Jesse Hendrikse, Greg Mikkelson, Anya Plutynski, Kate Ritchie, Sahotra Sarkar, Kim Sterelny, and Rob Wilson. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of Philosophy, Lewis and Clark College, 0615 SW Palatine Hill Road, Portland, OR 97219; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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References found in this work BETA
Theodore Sider (2001). Four Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time. Oxford University Press.
David K. Lewis (1986/2001). On the Plurality of Worlds. Blackwell Publishers.
Peter van Inwagen (1990). Material Beings. Cornell University Press.
Theodore Sider (2003). Against Vague Existence. Philosophical Studies 114 (1-2):135 - 146.
Citations of this work BETA
Frédéric Bouchard (2009). Understanding Colonial Traits Using Symbiosis Research and Ecosystem Ecology. Biological Theory 4 (3):240-246.
Iratxe Zarraonaindia, Daniel P. Smith & Jack A. Gilbert (2013). Beyond the Genome: Community-Level Analysis of the Microbial World. Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):261-282.
Frédéric Bouchard (2014). Ecosystem Evolution is About Variation and Persistence, Not Populations and Reproduction. Biological Theory 9 (4):382-391.
Andy Lamey (2015). Ecosystems as Spontaneous Orders. Critical Review 27 (1):64-88.
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