The Origin of the Concept of “Allgemeinbildung” in 18th Century Germany

The German theory of education refers mainly to what is called Bildung. The historical sense of Bildung is not cultivaion , but cultivation for inwardness. This concept has two sources, the neo-platonic inner soul on one hand, pietistic piety on the other hand. The article shows that these sources had been part of European discussions before the development of national cultures after 1750. So the German concept of Bildung, famous for the German Sonderweg in culture and politics, had been composed out of non-German sources. The nationalizaiton of inwardness began at the end of the 18th century and was established in 19th century German Higher Education
Keywords History of education  German concept of education  Inwardness  Shaftesbury  Humboldt
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DOI 10.1023/A:1005131203479
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Walter Bauer (2003). Introduction. Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (2):133–137.
Byron Kaldis (2009). The University as Microcosm. Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (5):553-574.

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