David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethics and Behavior 1 (4):239 – 252 (1991)
Researchers typically attempt to fulfill disclosure and informed consent requirements by having participants read and sign consent forms. The present study evaluated the reading levels of informed consent forms used in psychology research and other fields (medical research; social science and education research; and health, physical education, and recreation research). Two standardized measures of readability were employed to analyze a randomly selected sample (N = 108) of informed consent forms used in Institutional Review Board-approved research projects at a midwestern university during the 1987-1988 academic year. Results indicate that informed consent forms are typically written at a higher reading level than is appropriate for the intended population and that there are no consistently significant differences in readability among areas of research or between college student and noncollege student participants. Due to the unacceptably high reading level of the consent forms, one must question whether participants can comprehend the information contained in the consent forms.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ana Iltis (2006). Lay Concepts in Informed Consent to Biomedical Research: The Capacity to Understand and Appreciate Risk. Bioethics 20 (4):180–190.
Pamela Valera, Stephanie Cook, Ruth Macklin & Yvonne Chang (2014). Conducting Health Disparities Research with Criminal Justice Populations: Examining Research, Ethics, and Participation. Ethics and Behavior 24 (2):164-174.
Norman G. Poythress (2002). Obtaining Informed Consent for Research: A Model for Use with Participants Who Are Mentally Ill. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30 (3):367-374.
Similar books and articles
Carl E. Schneider (2010). The Hydra. Hastings Center Report 40 (4):9-11.
Caroline Jones (2010). An Australian Based Study on the Readability of HIV/AIDS and Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trial Informed Consent Documents. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (3):313-319.
Eric R. Pedersen, Clayton Neighbors, Judy Tidwell & Ty W. Lostutter (2011). Do Undergraduate Student Research Participants Read Psychological Research Consent Forms? Examining Memory Effects, Condition Effects, and Individual Differences. Ethics and Behavior 21 (4):332 - 350.
Laura Buccini, Donald Iverson, Peter Caputi & Caroline Jones (2010). An Australian Based Study on the Readability of HIV/AIDS and Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trial Informed Consent Documents. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (3):313-319.
Janet L. Brody, John P. Cluck & Alfredo S. Aragon (1997). Participants' Understanding of the Process of Psychological Research: Informed Consent. Ethics and Behavior 7 (4):285 – 298.
A. T. Nuyen (2007). Knowing the Unknown and Informed Consent. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):213-223.
David S. Festinger, Kattiya Ratanadilok, Douglas B. Marlowe, Karen L. Dugosh, Nicholas S. Patapis & David S. DeMatteo (2007). Neuropsychological Functioning and Recall of Research Consent Information Among Drug Court Clients. Ethics and Behavior 17 (2):163 – 186.
Emma Verástegui (2006). Consenting of the Vulnerable: The Informed Consent Procedure in Advanced Cancer Patients in Mexico. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-12.
Michelle H. Biros (2007). Research Without Consent: Exception From and Waiver of Informed Consent in Resuscitation Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (3):361-369.
Asya Al-Riyami, Deepali Jaju, Sanjay Jaju & Henry J. Silverman (2011). The Adequacy of Informed Consent Forms in Genetic Research in Oman: A Pilot Study. Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):57-62.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #121,262 of 1,696,561 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #184,517 of 1,696,561 )
How can I increase my downloads?