David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phronesis 47 (2):153-186 (2002)
Epicurus' "On Nature" 25 is the key text for anti-reductionist interpretations of Epicurus' philosophy of mind. In it, Epicurus is trying to argue against those, like Democritus, who say that everything occurs 'of necessity,' and in the course of this argument, he says many things that appear to conflict with an Identity Theory of Mind and with causal determinism. In this paper, I engage in a close reading of this text in order to show that it does not contain any clear statement of either a doctrine of radically emergent properties and "downwards causation" (contra David Sedley) or of the non-reducibility of the mental to the atomic (contra Julia Annas). I argue that Epicurus' main thesis is that we cannot consistently argue against our conception of ourselves as rational agents, and that it is our reason that allows us to reform our characters, control our actions, and blame and praise one another appropriately. The way that Epicurus describes the development and causal efficacy of reason in "On Nature" book 25 is consistent both with reductionism and (more surprisingly) with causal determinism
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Catherine Atherton (2007). Reductionism, Rationality and Responsibility: A Discussion of Tim O'Keefe, Epicurus on Freedom. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89 (2):192-230.
Dirk Baltzly with Lisa Wendlandt (2004). Knowing Freedom: Epicurean Philosophy Beyond Atomism and the Swerve. Phronesis 49 (1):41-71.
Tim O'Keefe (1997). The Ontological Status of Sensible Qualities for Democritus and Epicurus. Ancient Philosophy 17 (1):119-134.
Tim O'Keefe (2005). Epicurus on Freedom. Cambridge University Press.
Leopold Stubenberg (1990). Epicurus on Death. Grazer Philosophische Studien 37:185-203.
Gianluca Di Muzio (2007). Epicurus' Emergent Atomism. Philo 10 (1):5-16.
J. S. Swindell Blumenthal-Barby (2007). Tim O’Keefe, Epicurus on Freedom (Cambridge University Press, 2005). [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 41 (1):107-112.
Tim O'Keefe (2003). Review of James Warren, Epicurus and Democritean Ethics: An Archaeology of Ataraxia. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (5).
Susanne Bobzien (2006). Moral Responsibility and Moral Development in Epicurus’ Philosophy. In B. Reis & S. Haffmans (eds.), The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics. CUP.
Christopher Wareham (2009). Deprivation and the See-Saw of Death. South African Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):246-56.
Tim O'Keefe, Epicurus. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Susanne Bobzien (2000). Did Epicurus Discover the Free-Will Problem? Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 19:287-337.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads40 ( #46,137 of 1,101,878 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #68,243 of 1,101,878 )
How can I increase my downloads?