Biodiversity and the patent system : towards international indicators. Submission to the executive secretary of the convention on biological diversity
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
This paper provides a series of international indicators for biodiversity and traditional knowledge within the global patent system. The indicators are based on a review of the International Patent Classification in use by patent offices worldwide and enable the analysis of a wide variety of sectors and sub-sectors of activity. Nine main sectors are reviewed ranging from agriculture to cosmetics, traditional medicines, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. A series of sub-sectors such as stem cells, genomics and proteomics are also examined. The paper was prepared to inform debates on an international regime on access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity. The paper is also relevant to the work of WIPO on Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge. A range of policy options including disclosure of origin, certificates and the introduction of Adjustable Incentive Measures are considered in detail. The paper is relevant for the 2010 Target and the Millennium Development Goals.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Paul Oldham, Global Status and Trends in Intellectual Property Claims: Genomics, Proteomics and Biotechnology.
David B. Resnik (2004). Fair Drug Prices and the Patent System. Health Care Analysis 12 (2):91-115.
Doris Schroeder & Thomas Pogge (2009). Justice and the Convention on Biological Diversity. Ethics and International Affairs 23 (3):267-280.
Bram De Jonge (2011). What is Fair and Equitable Benefit-Sharing? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):127-146.
Paul Oldham & Anthony Mark Cutter, Global Status and Trends in Intellectual Property Claims: Patent Dataset for Biodiversity.
Vinati Gupta, Impact of IP Regime on Diminishing Agro-Biodiversity: Finding Solutions to Conserve Genetic Variations.
Kathryn Paxton George (1988). Biodiversity and Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (3):175-192.
Neethu Rajam, Uk's National Patent Strategies and the Features of its Patent Abuses: Some Scattered Thoughts.
Dr Marcelin Tonye Mahop, Patents, Scientific and Commercial Use of Plant Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge: How Does Public Interest Fit in This Arena?
R. Stephen Crespi (2000). An Analysis of Moral Issues Affecting Patenting Inventions in the Life Sciences: A European Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (2):157-180.
Added to index2011-01-29
Total downloads10 ( #347,914 of 1,911,814 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #458,984 of 1,911,814 )
How can I increase my downloads?