David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):63-72 (2001)
Three kinds of nationalism are distinguished and explained: (1) Unifying nationalism, which created Italy, and is the more or less voluntary uniting of similar and usually contiguous territories. (2) Ethnic separatist nationalism, which created Ireland, and is the effort of an ethnic group to establish sovereignty in its historical territory. (3) Ongoing patriotic nationalism, which is found in every nation. Each comes in degrees of civility ranging from the democratic to the murderous.Five criticisms of nationalism are then examined in the light of the three varieties of it: (1) It is a historical novelty only two hundred years old, hence less essential and enduring than often supposed (Ernest Gellner, Eric Hobsbawm). (2) Separatist nationalism is acceptable only if its underlying goal is to achieve democracy. (3) Nationalism makes the interests of the state supreme and those of the individualnegligible, racializes ethnic difference, and leads to intolerance and genocide (William Pfaff, Isaiah Berlin). (4) If we encourage separatists the world will fragment into “5,000 countries” (Warren Christopher). (5) Supporting existing borders is simply a better safeguard against war (Pfaff).Each of these criticisms is found wanting. I discuss the difference between loyalties, which are particularistic, and morality including constitutional principles, which are universal, a distinction important both to the critics and to my rebuttal of them
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Kai Nielsen (2003). Toward a Liberal Socialist Cosmopolitan Nationalism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (4):437 – 463.
Nicholas Xenos (1996). Civic Nationalism: Oxymoron? Critical Review 10 (2):213-231.
Cornelius Kampe (2000). In Defense of Nationalism with Reference to Canada and the Baltics. Social Philosophy Today 16:47-56.
Rada Iveković (1993). Women, Nationalism and War: "Make Love Not War". Hypatia 8 (4):113 - 126.
Eugen Weber (1996). What Rough Beast? Critical Review 10 (2):285-298.
Robert Audi (2009). Nationalism, Patriotism, and Cosmopolitanism in an Age of Globalization. Journal of Ethics 13 (4):365 - 381.
Warren Breckman & Lars Trägårdh (1996). Nationalism, Individualism, and Capitalism: Reply to Greenfeld. Critical Review 10 (3):389-407.
Arash Abizadeh (2005). Was Fichte an Ethnic Nationalist? On Cultural Nationalism and its Double. History of Political Thought 26 (2):334-359.
Bernard Yack (1998). Can Patriotism Save Us From Nationalism? Rejoinder to Viroli. Critical Review 12 (1-2):203-206.
Liah Greenfeld (1995). The Worth of Nations: Some Economic Implications of Nationalism. Critical Review 9 (4):555-584.
Damian Tambini (1996). Explaining Monoculturalism: Beyond Gellner's Theory of Nationalism. Critical Review 10 (2):251-270.
Rabindranath Tagore (2009). The Oxford India Tagore: Selected Writings on Education and Nationalism. Oxford University Press.
Arash Abizadeh (2012). On the Demos and its Kin: Nationalism, Democracy, and the Boundary Problem. American Political Science Review 106 (4):867-882.
Added to index2011-12-01
Total downloads11 ( #146,511 of 1,139,991 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #157,514 of 1,139,991 )
How can I increase my downloads?