David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethics and Behavior 1 (4):253 – 258 (1991)
In this article, I outline my position regarding the use of deception in psychology experiments, based on my experience as a confederate. I describe an experiment I participated in and the problems resulting from the study: subjects' differing responses to the deception; angry reactions of some subjects to the experiment; and the general discomfort of both subjects and confederates, in particular, who had their doubts concerning the external validity of the study and the ethics involved in running it. issues of informed consent and debriefing are also addressed; it is argued that the success of deception depends on the subject being misinformed as to the experiment's true nature and that debriefing itself sometimes angers subjects. I encourage a decrease in the use of deception and the reexamination of a system that attempts to balance the pain of experimental participants with anticipated benefit to scientific knowledge.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Roseanna Sommers & Franklin G. Miller (2013). Forgoing Debriefing in Deceptive Research: Is It Ever Ethical? Ethics and Behavior 23 (2):98-116.
Similar books and articles
Stanley Paluch (1967). Self-Deception. Inquiry 10 (1-4):268-278.
Howard Rachlin & Marvin Frankel (1997). The Uses of Self-Deception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):124-125.
David J. Pittenger (2002). Deception in Research: Distinctions and Solutions From the Perspective of Utilitarianism. Ethics and Behavior 12 (2):117 – 142.
Michael P. Levine (1998). No-Self, Real Self, Ignorance and Self-Deception: Does Self-Deception Require a Self? Asian Philosophy 8 (2):103 – 110.
Alfred R. Mele (1997). Understanding and Explaining Real Self-Deception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):127-134.
Clancy W. Martin (ed.) (2009). The Philosophy of Deception. Oxford University Press.
Lukas Koning, Eric van Dijk, Ilja van Beest & Wolfgang Steinel (2010). An Instrumental Account of Deception and Reactions to Deceit in Bargaining. Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (1):57-73.
Robert Audi (1997). Self-Deception Vs. Self-Caused Deception: A Comment on Professor Mele. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):104-104.
Joan E. Sieber, Rebecca Iannuzzo & Beverly Rodriguez (1995). Deception Methods in Psychology: Have They Changed in 23 Years? Ethics and Behavior 5 (1):67 – 85.
Franklin G. Miller John P. Gluck David Wendler Jr (2008). Debriefing and Accountability in Deceptive Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (3):pp. 235-251.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #124,355 of 1,096,831 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #273,068 of 1,096,831 )
How can I increase my downloads?