David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 159 (2):241-261 (2012)
Traditionally, the debate between epistemological internalists and externalists has centered on the value of knowledge and its justification. A value pluralist, virtue-theoretic approach to epistemology allows us to accept what I shall call the insight of externalism while still acknowledging the importance of internalists’ insistence on the value of reflection. Intellectual virtue can function as the unifying consideration in a study of a host of epistemic values, including understanding, wisdom, and what I call articulate reflection. Each of these epistemic values is a good internal to inquiry. Thus, an inquiry-based conception of virtue is particularly well suited to help us account for a wide variety of epistemic goods, without reducing the value of those many goods to their contribution to the value of knowledge. Moreover, an inquiry-based conception of virtue can function as the unifying consideration in a general study of value, the scope of which is not restricted to epistemic value.
|Keywords||Knowledge Internalism Externalism Virtue Value Understanding Articulate reflection Inquiry|
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References found in this work BETA
Linda Zagzebski (1996). Virtues of the Mind: An Inquiry Into the Nature of Virtue and the Ethical Foundations of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Ernest Sosa (2009). Reflective Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
Linda Zagzebski (2003). The Search for the Source of Epistemic Good. Metaphilosophy 34 (1-2):12-28.
Robert Campbell Roberts (2007). Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
Ernest Sosa (1991). Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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