Putting knowledge in its place: virtue, value, and the internalism/externalism debate

Philosophical Studies 159 (2):241-261 (2012)
Abstract
Traditionally, the debate between epistemological internalists and externalists has centered on the value of knowledge and its justification. A value pluralist, virtue-theoretic approach to epistemology allows us to accept what I shall call the insight of externalism while still acknowledging the importance of internalists’ insistence on the value of reflection. Intellectual virtue can function as the unifying consideration in a study of a host of epistemic values, including understanding, wisdom, and what I call articulate reflection. Each of these epistemic values is a good internal to inquiry. Thus, an inquiry-based conception of virtue is particularly well suited to help us account for a wide variety of epistemic goods, without reducing the value of those many goods to their contribution to the value of knowledge. Moreover, an inquiry-based conception of virtue can function as the unifying consideration in a general study of value, the scope of which is not restricted to epistemic value.
Keywords Knowledge  Internalism  Externalism  Virtue  Value  Understanding  Articulate reflection  Inquiry
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    References found in this work BETA
    Jason Baehr (2009). Is There a Value Problem? In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford University Press. 42--59.
    Lorraine Code (1987). Epistemic Responsibility. Published for Brown University Press by University Press of New England.

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