'Everything is everywhere: But the environment selects': Ubiquitous distribution and ecological determinism in microbial biogeography
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (3):314-325 (2008)
Recent discoveries of geographical patterns in microbial distribution are undermining microbiology’s exclusively ecological explanations of biogeography and their fundamental assumption that ‘everything is everywhere: but the environment selects’. This statement was generally promulgated by Dutch microbiologist Martinus Wilhelm Beijerinck early in the twentieth century and specifically articulated in 1934 by his compatriot, Lourens G. M. Baas Becking. The persistence of this precept throughout twentieth-century microbiology raises a number of issues in relation to its formulation and widespread acceptance. This paper will trace the conceptual history of Beijerinck’s claim that ‘everything is everywhere’ in relation to a more general account of its theoretical, experimental and institutional context. His principle also needs to be situated in relationship to plant and animal biogeography, which, this paper will argue, forms a continuum of thought with microbial biogeography. Finally, a brief overview of the contemporary microbiological research challenging ‘everything is everywhere’ reveals that philosophical issues from Beijerinck’s era of microbiology still provoke intense discussion in twenty-first century investigations of microbial biogeography
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Charles Darwin (2008). On the Origin of Species: By Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Sterling Pub..
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2000). Darwin on Variation and Heredity. Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):425-455.
Charles Darwin (1883). The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Maureen A. O'Malley & Yan Boucher (2005). Paradigm Change in Evolutionary Microbiology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (1):183-208.
Lloyd T. Ackert Jr (2006). The Role of Microbes in Agriculture: Sergei Vinogradskii's Discovery and Investigation of Chemosynthesis, 1880–1910. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 39 (2):373-406.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Julia Voss & Sahotra Sarkar (2003). Depictions as Surrogates for Places: From Wallace's Biogeography to Koch's Dioramas. Philosophy and Geography 6 (1):59 – 81.
Kevin de Laplante (2004). Environmental Alchemy: How to Turn Ecological Science Into Ecological Philosophy. Environmental Ethics 26 (4):361-380.
Jessica S. Hayes-Conroy & Robert M. Vanderbeck (2005). Ecological Identity Work in Higher Education: Theoretical Perspectives and a Case Study. Ethics, Place and Environment 8 (3):309 – 329.
Maureen A. O’Malley & John Dupré (2007). Size Doesn't Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):155-191.
Andrew Dobson (2003). Citizenship and the Environment. Oxford University Press.
Neil Carter (2007). The Politics of the Environment: Ideas, Activism, Policy. Cambridge University Press.
Soraj Hongladarom (2013). Ubiquitous Computing, Empathy and the Self. AI and Society 28 (2):227-236.
Maureen A. O'Malley (2008). 'Everything is Everywhere: But the Environment Selects': Ubiquitous Distribution and Ecological Determinism in Microbial Biogeography. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (3):314-325.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads52 ( #83,848 of 1,911,320 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #457,064 of 1,911,320 )
How can I increase my downloads?