David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211–228 (1998)
[Allen W. Wood] Kant's moral philosophy is grounded on the dignity of humanity as its sole fundamental value, and involves the claim that human beings are to be regarded as the ultimate end of nature. It might be thought that a theory of this kind would be incapable of grounding any conception of our relation to other living things or to the natural world which would value nonhuman creatures or respect humanity's natural environment. This paper criticizes Kant's argumentative strategy for dealing with our duties in regard to animals, but defends both his theory and most of his conclusions on these topics. /// [Onora O'Neill] Kant's ethics, like others, has unavoidable anthropocentric starting points: only humans, or other 'rational natures', can hold obligations. Seemingly this should not make speciesist conclusions unavoidable: might not rational natures have obligations to the non-rational? However, Kant's argument for the unconditional value of rational natures cannot readily be extended to show that all non-human animals have unconditional value, or rights. Nevertheless Kant's speciesism is not thoroughgoing. He does not view non-rational animals as mere items for use. He allows for indirect duties 'with regard to' them which afford welfare but not rights, and can allow for indirect duties 'with regard to' abstract and dispersed aspects of nature, such as biodiversity, species and habitats
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Alasdair Maclntyre (1983). Iv. Moral Rationality, Tradition, and Aristotle: A Reply to Onora O'Neill, Raimond Gaita, and Stephen R. L. Clark. Inquiry 26 (4):447 – 466.
Onora O'Neill (1996). Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning. Cambridge University Press.
Onora O'Neill (2009). A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
Stephen Engstrom (1992). Review: O'Neill, Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. [REVIEW] Ethics 102 (3):653-.
David Lea (2004). The Imperfect Nature of Corporate Responsibilities to Stakeholders. Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):201-217.
Onora O'Neill (1989). Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Onora O'Neill (2012). Kant and the Social Contract Tradition. In Elisabeth Ellis (ed.), Kant's Political Theory: Interpretations and Applications. Pennsylvania State University Press.
Allen W. Wood (1998). Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature: Allen W. Wood. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):189–210.
Allen Wood (1998). Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72:189 - 228.
Onora O.’Neill (1998). Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature: Onora O'Neill. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211-228.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads108 ( #7,415 of 1,013,324 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #28,112 of 1,013,324 )
How can I increase my downloads?