David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211-228 (1998)
[Allen W. Wood] Kant's moral philosophy is grounded on the dignity of humanity as its sole fundamental value, and involves the claim that human beings are to be regarded as the ultimate end of nature. It might be thought that a theory of this kind would be incapable of grounding any conception of our relation to other living things or to the natural world which would value nonhuman creatures or respect humanity's natural environment. This paper criticizes Kant's argumentative strategy for dealing with our duties in regard to animals, but defends both his theory and most of his conclusions on these topics. /// [Onora O'Neill] Kant's ethics, like others, has unavoidable anthropocentric starting points: only humans, or other 'rational natures', can hold obligations. Seemingly this should not make speciesist conclusions unavoidable: might not rational natures have obligations to the non-rational? However, Kant's argument for the unconditional value of rational natures cannot readily be extended to show that all non-human animals have unconditional value, or rights. Nevertheless Kant's speciesism is not thoroughgoing. He does not view non-rational animals as mere items for use. He allows for indirect duties 'with regard to' them which afford welfare but not rights, and can allow for indirect duties 'with regard to' abstract and dispersed aspects of nature, such as biodiversity, species and habitats
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Onora O'Neill (1998). Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature: Onora O'Neill. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211–228.
Allen W. Wood & Onora O'Neill (1998). Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):189–210.
Onora O'Neill (2012). Kant and the Social Contract Tradition. In Elisabeth Ellis (ed.), Kant's Political Theory: Interpretations and Applications. Pennsylvania State University Press.
Onora O'Neill (1989). Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
David Lea (2004). The Imperfect Nature of Corporate Responsibilities to Stakeholders. Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):201-217.
Onora O'Neill (1984). Transcendental Synthesis and Developmental Psychology. Kant-Studien 75 (1-4):149-167.
Onora O'neill (2004). Kant: Racjonalność jako rozum praktyczny. Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 52 (4):125-145.
Kenneth R. Westphal (2005). ‘Kant, Hegel, and Determining Our Duties’. Jahrbuch für Recht and Ethik/Annual Review of Law & Ethics 13:335-354.
Stephen Engstrom (1992). Review: O'Neill, Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. [REVIEW] Ethics 102 (3):653-.
Onora O'Neill (2009). A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press.
Onora O'Neill (1996). Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning. Cambridge University Press.
Onora O'Neill (1986). The Power of Example. Philosophy 61 (235):5 - 29.
Onora O'Neill (2003). Constructivism VS. Contractualism. Ratio 16 (4):319–331.
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads27 ( #70,537 of 1,140,265 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #142,694 of 1,140,265 )
How can I increase my downloads?