Cross-Cultural Differences in Mental Representations of Time: Evidence From an Implicit Nonlinguistic Task
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 34 (8):1430-1451 (2010)
Across cultures people construct spatial representations of time. However, the particular spatial layouts created to represent time may differ across cultures. This paper examines whether people automatically access and use culturally specific spatial representations when reasoning about time. In Experiment 1, we asked Hebrew and English speakers to arrange pictures depicting temporal sequences of natural events, and to point to the hypothesized location of events relative to a reference point. In both tasks, English speakers (who read left to right) arranged temporal sequences to progress from left to right, whereas Hebrew speakers (who read right to left) arranged them from right to left, replicating previous work. In Experiments 2 and 3, we asked the participants to make rapid temporal order judgments about pairs of pictures presented one after the other (i.e., to decide whether the second picture showed a conceptually earlier or later time-point of an event than the first picture). Participants made responses using two adjacent keyboard keys. English speakers were faster to make “earlier” judgments when the “earlier” response needed to be made with the left response key than with the right response key. Hebrew speakers showed exactly the reverse pattern. Asking participants to use a space-time mapping inconsistent with the one suggested by writing direction in their language created interference, suggesting that participants were automatically creating writing-direction consistent spatial representations in the course of their normal temporal reasoning. It appears that people automatically access culturally specific spatial representations when making temporal judgments even in nonlinguistic tasks
|Keywords||Time Writing direction Language Culture Space|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
George Lakoff (1980/2003). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.
Daniel Casasanto & Lera Boroditsky (2008). Time in the Mind: Using Space to Think About Time. Cognition 106 (2):579-593.
Stanislas Dehaene, Serge Bossini & Pascal Giraux (1993). The Mental Representation of Parity and Number Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (3):371.
Lera Boroditsky (2000). Metaphoric Structuring: Understanding Time Through Spatial Metaphors. Cognition 75 (1):1-28.
Wim Gevers, Bert Reynvoet & Wim Fias (2003). The Mental Representation of Ordinal Sequences is Spatially Organized. Cognition 87 (3):B87-B95.
Citations of this work BETA
Lera Boroditsky, Orly Fuhrman & Kelly McCormick (2011). Do English and Mandarin Speakers Think About Time Differently? Cognition 118 (1):123-129.
Rafael Núñez & Kensy Cooperrider (2013). The Tangle of Space and Time in Human Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):220-229.
Orly Fuhrman, Kelly McCormick, Eva Chen, Heidi Jiang, Dingfang Shu, Shuaimei Mao & Lera Boroditsky (2011). How Linguistic and Cultural Forces Shape Conceptions of Time: English and Mandarin Time in 3D. Cognitive Science 35 (7):1305-1328.
Rafael Núñez, Kensy Cooperrider, D. Doan & Jürg Wassmann (2012). Contours of Time: Topographic Construals of Past, Present, and Future in the Yupno Valley of Papua New Guinea. Cognition 124 (1):25-35.
Roberto Bottini, Davide Crepaldi, Daniel Casasanto, Virgine Crollen & Olivier Collignon (2015). Space and Time in the Sighted and Blind. Cognition 141:67-72.
Similar books and articles
Fabio Pianesi & Achille C. Varzi (1996). Events, Topology and Temporal Relations. The Monist 79 (1):89--116.
John C. Trueswell & Anna Papafragou, Perceiving and Remembering Events Cross-Linguistically: Evidence From Dual-Task Paradigms.
Roman Frigg, Review of 'the Images of Time. An Essay on Temporal Representation' by Robin le Poidevin. [REVIEW]
Andre Vandierendonck (1996). Evidence for Mental-Model-Based Reasoning: A Comparison of Reasoning with Time and Space Concepts. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):249 – 272.
Lila Gleitmanb (2006). When English Proposes What Greek Presupposes: The Cross-Linguistic Encoding of Motion Events. Cognition 98 (3):75-87.
Anna Papafragou (2006). When English Proposes What Greek Presupposes: The Cross-Linguistic Encoding of Motion Events. Cognition 98 (3):75-87.
William Seager, The Reality of Now Mickey Mantle: What Time is It? Yogi Berra: Do You Mean Right Now?
Daniel Casasanto, Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Whorf? Crosslinguistic Differences in Temporal Language and Thought.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads19 ( #147,771 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #289,836 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?