Does firm size comfound the relationship between corporate social performance and firm financial performance?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 33 (2):167 - 180 (2001)
There has been some theoretical and empirical debate that the positive relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and firm financial performance (FFP) is spurious and in fact caused by a third factor, namely large firm size. This study examines this question by integrating three meta-analyses of more than two decades of research on (1) CSP and FFP, (2) firm size and CSP, and (3) firm size and FFP into one path-analytic model. The present study does not confirm size as a third factor which would confound the relationship between CSP and FFP. That is, even if firm size is controlled for across studies (comprising, on average, over 15 000 observations), CSP and FFP remain positively correlated, showing a "true-score" corrected path coefficient p of 0.37.
|Keywords||confounding variable corporate social performance firm financial performance firm size measurement error meta-analysis path analysis reliability coefficient sampling error study artifacts|
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Citations of this work BETA
Wenjing Li & Ran Zhang (2010). Corporate Social Responsibility, Ownership Structure, and Political Interference: Evidence From China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):631 - 645.
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Marcus Wagner (2010). Corporate Social Performance and Innovation with High Social Benefits: A Quantitative Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (4):581 - 594.
Foo Nin Ho, Hui-Ming Deanna Wang & Scott J. Vitell (2012). A Global Analysis of Corporate Social Performance: The Effects of Cultural and Geographic Environments. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):423-433.
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