David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 32 (1):162-183 (2008)
The present study discusses findings that replicate and extend the original work of Burns and Vollmeyer (2002), which showed that performance in problem solving tasks was more accurate when people were engaged in a non-specific goal than in a specific goal. The main innovation here was to examine the goal specificity effect under both observation-based and conventional action-based learning conditions. The findings show that goal specificity affects the accuracy of problem solving in the same way, both when the learning stage of the task is observationbased and when it is action-based. Additionally, the findings show that, when instructions do not promote goal specificity, observation-based problem solving is as effective as action-based problem solving.
|Keywords||Problem solving Observation vs. intervention Skill acquisition and learning|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Aldo Zanga & Jean-Fran (2004). Implicit Learning in Rule Induction and Problem Solving. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):55 – 83.
Dongming Xu (2010). Beyond Simon's Means-Ends Analysis: Natural Creativity and the Unanswered 'Why' in the Design of Intelligent Systems for Problem-Solving. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (3):327-347.
Marvin Croy (2000). Problem Solving, Working Backwards, and Graphic Proof Representation REVIEWS. Teaching Philosophy 23 (2):169-187.
Mareike B. Wieth & Rose T. Zacks (2011). Time of Day Effects on Problem Solving: When the Non-Optimal is Optimal. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (4):387 - 401.
Stan A. Kuczaj, John D. Gory & Mark J. Xitco (1998). Using Programs to Solve Problems: Imitation Versus Insight. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):695-696.
Olga Megalakaki, Charles Tijus, Romain Baiche & Sébastien Poitrenaud (2012). The Effect of Semantics on Problem Solving is to Reduce Relational Complexity. Thinking and Reasoning 18 (2):159 - 182.
Alvin I. Goldman (1983). Epistemology and the Theory of Problem Solving. Synthese 55 (1):21 - 48.
M. A. van Rees (2003). Pragma-Dialectical Analysis and Evaluation of Problem-Solving Discussion. Argumentation 17 (4):465-479.
Ari Sutinen (2013). Two Project Methods: Preliminary Observations on the Similarities and Differences Between William Heard Kilpatrick's Project Method and John Dewey's Problem-Solving Method. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (10):1040-1053.
Christopher Peacocke (2008). Mental Action and Self-Awareness. In Lucy F. O'Brien & Matthew Soteriou (eds.), Mental Action. Oxford University Press
Raanan Lipshitz, Daphna Leshem Levy & Keren Orchen (2006). Is This Problem Likely to Be Solved? A Cognitive Schema of Effective Problem Solving. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (4):413 – 430.
Henry Frankel (1980). Problem-Solving, Research Traditions, and the Development of Scientific Fields. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:29 - 40.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads14 ( #184,535 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #147,227 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?