David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Iyyun 55:325-336 (2006)
All left-libertarians believe that natural resources should be governed by an egalitarian principle of distribution. In my own case, this belief gains its support from what I take to be the most defensible interpretation of the Lockean principle of justice in acquisition, according to which one may privatize land and other worldly resources in a state of nature so long as one leaves enough and as good for others. Axel Gosseries is right to press the question of the moral status of worldly resources in a state of nature prior to private acquisition. For Locke, that status was one of common ownership, underwritten by God’s gift of the earth to humankind in common. For Léon Walras, to whom Vincent Bourdeau draws our attention, the earth both initially and inalienably belongs to humanity, and such collective ownership is grounded, not in theistic assumptions, but in the “scientific observation” that human beings are by nature social beings. By contrast, I regard the earth as initially unowned. This supposition should not, however, be understood, as it is by some, as the claim that each is equally free at the outset to privatize any bit of the world as he sees fit as a matter of right. Rather, it should be understood as an initial non-presumption of any rights with respect to the world. Rather than asserting the existence of rights that, as a moral default position, we have with respect to pristine wilderness, I am making a claim that is motivated by the methodological impropriety of presuming any rights with respect to the world at the outset.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Karl Widerquist (2009). A Dilemma for Libertarianism. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (1):43-72.
Daniel Moseley (2011). A Lockean Argument for Basic Income. Basic Income Studies 6 (2):11.
C. Fabre (2002). Justice, Fairness, and World Ownership. Law and Philosophy 21 (3):249-273.
Peter Vallentyne (2001). Left-Libertarianism and Global Justice. In Burton M. Leiser & Tom Campbell (eds.), Human Rights in Philosophy & Practice. Ashgate Publishing.
Richard J. Arneson (2010). Self-Ownership and World Ownership: Against Left-Libertarianism. Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):168-194.
Michael Otsuka (2005). Libertarianism Without Inequality. Oxford University Press.
L. Wenar (1998). Original Acquisition of Private Property. Mind 107 (428):799-820.
Mathias Risse (2012). On Global Justice. Princeton University Press.
Mark Michael (1987). An Alternative to the Common Heritage Principle. Environmental Ethics 9 (4):351-371.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads15 ( #155,553 of 1,696,626 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #186,707 of 1,696,626 )
How can I increase my downloads?