Graduate studies at Western
Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (2):27-34 (2010)
|Abstract||The paper deals with two central issues in the philosophy of neuroscience and psychiatry, namely those of the nature and the major kinds and types of psychopathological mechanisms. Contrary to a widespread view, I argue that mechanisms are not kinds of systems but kinds of processes unfolding in systems or between systems. More precisely, I argue that psychopathological mechanisms are sets of actions and interactions between brain-systems or circuits as well as between the latter and other systems in one's body and external environment, both physical and social, involved in human psychopathology. According to the kinds of properties of the interacting systems or their component-parts, psychopathological mechanisms may be physical, chemical, biological, psychological, social, or, typically, mixed ones. Furthermore, I focus on two main kinds of psychopathological mechanisms involved in the causation of mental disorders, namely the pathogenetic and pathophysiological ones, stressing the importance of their careful distinction for the integrative understanding of otherwise disparate and apparently incommensurable psychiatric research findings. I illustrate my analysis with an example drawn from contemporary research on the mechanisms of acute psychosis. Finally, I stress the relevance of psychopathological mechanisms to a more scientifi cally-grounded classifi cation of mental disorders.|
|Keywords||mechanisms explanation psychopathology pathogenesis pathophysiology mental disorders classification|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
William P. Bechtel, Mental Mechanisms: Philosophical Perspectives on the Sciences of Cognition and the Brain.
Holly Andersen (2012). The Case for Regularity in Mechanistic Causal Explanation. Synthese 189 (3):415-432.
Colin Wight (2004). Theorizing the Mechanisms of Conceptual and Semiotic Space. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):283-299.
Mauro Nervi (2010). Mechanisms, Malfunctions and Explanation in Medicine. Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):215-228.
Jonathan Y. Tsou (2008). The Reality and Classification of Mental Disorders. Dissertation, University of Chicago
Stuart Glennan (2010). Ephemeral Mechanisms and Historical Explanation. Erkenntnis 72 (2):251 - 266.
Mark Sprevak (forthcoming). Commentary on 'Conceptual Challenges in the Neuroimaging of Psychiatric Disorders'. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology.
Cory D. Wright & William P. Bechtel (2007). Mechanisms and Psychological Explanation. In Paul Thagard (ed.), Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science. Elsevier.
Jürgen Zielasek & Wolfgang Gaebel (2008). Modularity in Philosophy, the Neurosciences, and Psychiatry. Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):93-108.
Mark B. Couch (2011). Mechanisms and Constitutive Relevance. Synthese 183 (3):375-388.
Rachel Cooper (2004). What is Wrong with the DSM? History of Psychiatry 15 (1):5-25.
Meinard Kuhlmann (2011). Mechanisms in Dynamically Complex Systems. In Phyllis McKay Illari & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
Karl-Dieter Opp (2005). Explanations by Mechanisms in the Social Sciences. Problems, Advantages and Alternatives. Mind and Society 4 (2):163-178.
Stuart S. Glennan (1996). Mechanisms and the Nature of Causation. Erkenntnis 44 (1):49--71.
Added to index2011-10-15
Total downloads19 ( #71,246 of 739,304 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #11,490 of 739,304 )
How can I increase my downloads?