David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 141 (2):217-31 (2004)
Several authors within psychology, neuroscience and philosophy take for granted that standard empirical research techniques are applicable when studying consciousness. In this article, it is discussed whether one of the key methods in cognitive neuroscience – the contrastive analysis – suffers from any serious confounding when applied to the field of consciousness studies; that is to say, if there are any systematic difficulties when studying consciousness with this method that make the results untrustworthy. Through an analysis of theoretical arguments in favour of using contrastive analysis, combined with analyses of empirical findings, I conclude by arguing for three factors that currently are confounding of research using contrastive analysis. These are (1) unconscious processes, (2) introspective reports, and (3) attention
|Keywords||Analysis Consciousness Contrastive Neuroscience Science|
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Citations of this work BETA
Joaquin Navajas, Hernan G. Rey & Rodrigo Quian Quiroga (2014). Perceptual and Contextual Awareness: Methodological Considerations in the Search for the Neural Correlates of Consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
J. Jonkisz (2015). Consciousness: Individuated Information in Action. Frontiers in Psychology 6 (1035).
Morten Overgaard & Peter Fazekas (forthcoming). Can No-Report Paradigms Extract True Correlates of Consciousness? Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Renate Rutiku, Jaan Aru & Talis Bachmann (2016). General Markers of Conscious Visual Perception and Their Timing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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