Locke on judgment
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Lex Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding". Cambridge University Press (2007)
Locke usually uses the term “judgment” in a rather narrow but not unusual sense, as referring to the faculty that produces probable opinion or assent.2 His account is explicitly developed in analogy with knowledge, and like knowledge, it is developed in terms of the relation various ideas bear to one another. Whereas knowledge is the perception of the agreement or disagreement of any of our ideas, judgment is the presumption of their agreement or disagreement. Intuitive knowledge is the immediate perception of the agreement or disagreement of two ideas, e.g., white is not black. If we perceive the idea of white, and the idea of black, nothing more is needed to perceive that white and black disagree with respect to identity. We just see or intuit it. Demonstrative knowledge is more complicated. Suppose we have or perceive the idea of the internal angles of a triangle, and also the idea of two right angles. Unless one is a prodigy, we can’t just “see” that these two ideas agree with respect to equality; we require a demonstration. For Locke, such a demonstration requires that we find another idea, such as 180 degrees, so that we can intuit that this idea stands in the relation of equality both to the internal angles of a triangle, and to two right angles. Thus a demonstration, for Locke, is a chain of ideas
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Keith Allen (2010). Locke and the Nature of Ideas. Archiv fur Geschishte der Philosophie 92 (3):236-255.
Goldwin Smith Hall, John Heil, Nicholas Jolley, Norman Kretzmann & Lisa Shapiro, Locke On Supposing a Substratum.
Michael Jacovides (forthcoming). Locke on Perception. In Matthew Stuart (ed.), A companion to Locke. Blackwell
Maurilio Lovatti (2004). General Ideas and the Knowability of Essence: Interpretations of Locke's Theory of Knowledge. Dissertation, Oxford, Tercentenary John Locke Conference (April 2-4, 2004)
Vere Chappell (1994). 2 Locke's Theory of Ideas. In V. C. Chappell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke. Cambridge University Press 26.
Jennifer Nagel (forthcoming). Sensitive Knowledge: Locke on Sensation and Skepticism. In Matthew Stuart (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Locke. Blackwell
I. C. Tipton (ed.) (1977). Locke on Human Understanding: Selected Essays. Oxford University Press.
Keith Allen (2013). Locke and Sensitive Knowledge. Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (2):249-266.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads40 ( #102,140 of 1,796,302 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #468,138 of 1,796,302 )
How can I increase my downloads?