David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):30-80 (2005)
The position advanced in this paper is that the bedrock of emotional feelings is contained within the evolved emotional action apparatus of mammalian brains. This dual-aspect monism approach to brain–mind functions, which asserts that emotional feelings may reflect the neurodynamics of brain systems that generate instinctual emotional behaviors, saves us from various conceptual conundrums. In coarse form, primary process affective consciousness seems to be fundamentally an unconditional “gift of nature” rather than an acquired skill, even though those systems facilitate skill acquisition via various felt reinforcements. Affective consciousness, being a comparatively intrinsic function of the brain, shared homologously by all mammalian species, should be the easiest variant of consciousness to study in animals. This is not to deny that some secondary processes cannot be evaluated in animals with sufficiently clever behavioral learning procedures, as with place-preference procedures and the analysis of changes in learned behaviors after one has induced re-valuation of incentives. Rather, the claim is that a direct neuroscientific study of primary process emotional/affective states is best achieved through the study of the intrinsic , albeit experientially refined, emotional action tendencies of other animals. In this view, core emotional feelings may reflect the neurodynamic attractor landscapes of a variety of extended trans-diencephalic, limbic emotional action systems—including SEEKING, FEAR, RAGE, LUST, CARE, PANIC, and PLAY. Through a study of these brain systems, the neural infrastructure of human and animal affective consciousness may be revealed. Emotional feelings are instantiated in large-scale neurodynamics that can be most effectively monitored via the ethological analysis of emotional action tendencies and the accompanying brain neurochemical/electrical changes. The intrinsic coherence of such emotional responses is demonstrated by the fact that they can be provoked by electrical and chemical stimulation of specific brain zones—effects that are affectively laden. For substantive progress in this emerging research arena, animal brain researchers need to discuss affective brain functions more openly. Secondary awareness processes, because of their more conditional, contextually situated nature, are more difficult to understand in any neuroscientific detail. In other words, the information-processing brain functions, critical for cognitive consciousness, are harder to study in other animals than the more homologous emotional/motivational affective state functions of the brain
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Dualism *Emotions *Mammals *Neuropsychology Behaviorism Brain Fear Panic|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John A. Lambie & Anthony J. Marcel (2002). Consciousness and the Varieties of Emotion Experience: A Theoretical Framework. Psychological Review 109 (2):219-259.
Marc D. Lewis (2005). Bridging Emotion Theory and Neurobiology Through Dynamic Systems Modeling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):169-194.
Bernard J. Baars, Thomas Zoega Ramsoy & Steven Laureys (2003). Brain, Conscious Experience, and the Observing Self. Trends in Neurosciences 26 (12):671-5.
J. S. Morris, A. Ohman & Raymond J. Dolan (1998). Conscious and Unconscious Emotional Learning in the Human Amygdala. Nature 393:467-470.
Citations of this work BETA
Marina de Tommaso, Jorge Navarro, Crocifissa Lanzillotti, Katia Ricci, Francesca Buonocunto, Paolo Livrea & Giulio E. Lancioni (2015). Cortical Responses to Salient Nociceptive and Not Nociceptive Stimuli in Vegetative and Minimal Conscious State. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
Luca Barlassina & Albert Newen (2014). The Role of Bodily Perception in Emotion: In Defense of an Impure Somatic Theory. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (3):637-678.
Alexandra Zinck & Albert Newen (2008). Classifying Emotion: A Developmental Account. Synthese 161 (1):1 - 25.
Georg Northoff & Jaak Panksepp (2008). The Trans-Species Concept of Self and the Subcortical–Cortical Midline System. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (7):259-264.
P. Thagard & B. AuBie (2008). Emotional Consciousness: A Neural Model of How Cognitive Appraisal and Somatic Perception Interact to Produce Qualitative Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):811-834.
Similar books and articles
Jaak Panksepp (2000). The Cradle of Consciousness: A Periconscious Emotional Homunculus? Neuro-Psychoanalysis 2 (1):24-32.
Bernard J. Baars (2001). There Are No Known Differences in Brain Mechanisms of Consciousness Between Humans and Other Mammals. Animal Welfare Supplement 10:31- 40.
Jaak Panksepp (2002). On the Animalian Values of the Human Spirit: The Foundational Role of Affect in Psychotherapy and the Evolution of Consciousness. European Journal of Psychotherapy, Counselling and Health 5 (3):225-245.
Anil K. Seth, Bernard J. Baars & D. B. Edelman (2005). Criteria for Consciousness in Humans and Other Mammals. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):119-39.
Jaak Panksepp (2005). Toward a Science of Ultimate Concern. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):22-29.
Jaak Panksepp (2000). Neural Behaviorism: From Brain Evolution to Human Emotion at the Speed of an Action Potential. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):212-213.
James A. Russell (2005). Emotion in Human Consciousness is Built on Core Affect. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):26-42.
Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.) (2008). Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
Jaak Panksepp (2000). The Neuro-Evolutionary Cusp Between Emotions and Cognitions: Implications for Understanding Consciousness and the Emergence of a Unified Mind Science. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):15-54.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads323 ( #7,009 of 1,934,803 )
Recent downloads (6 months)25 ( #26,784 of 1,934,803 )
How can I increase my downloads?