David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Human Studies 27 (3):307-334 (2004)
Rawls''s recent modification of his theory of justice claims that political liberalism is free-standing and falls under the category of the political. It works entirely within that domain and does not rely on anything outside it In this article I pursue the metatheoretical goal of obtaining insight into the anthropological assumptions that have remained so far unacknowledged by Rawls and critics alike. My argument is that political liberalism has a dependence on comprehensive liberalism and its conception of a self-serving subjectivity that is far more binding as well as undesirable than it has been so far acknowledged. I proceed with a heuristic approach that introduces us to the possibility that political liberalism presupposes tacitly the Occidental metanarrative of reason harnessing rampant self-interest and subordinating it to a higher-order interest. As the presuppositions of political liberalism emerge, I draw from the debate between Rawls and Habermas in order to illustrate my argument for the existence of a dependence on these presuppositions. I outline some implications of the anthropological basis of political liberalism and conclude by exemplifying them with reference to Rawls''s comments on the division of a cake.
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Modern Philosophy Philosophy of the Social Sciences Political Philosophy Sociolinguistics|
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References found in this work BETA
Immanuel Kant (2006). Anthropology From a Pragmatic Point of View. Cambridge University Press.
David M. Rasmussen, Jurgen Habermas, Christian Lenhardt & Shierry Weber Nicholsen (1993). Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):571.
J. Rawls (1995). Political Liberalism. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (3):596-598.
Jürgen Habermas (1978/1971). Knowledge and Human Interests. Heinemann Educational.
John Rawls (1980). Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory. Journal of Philosophy 77 (9):515-572.
Citations of this work BETA
Marianna Papastephanou (2005). Rawls' Theory of Justice and Citizenship Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 39 (3):499–518.
Marianna Papastephanou (2012). Exploring Habermas's Critical Engagement with Chomsky. Human Studies 35 (1):51-76.
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