David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (6):47-59 (2000)
Drawing on notions of alienation, reification and rationalization in their book Dialectic of Enlightenment, Adorno and Horkheimer explored the phenomenon of reason as such concerning the subject and the species, and diagnosed the pathologies of occidental societies. Reason provides the means for a vulnerable being to subordinate nature and serve its desire for self-preservation. However, this reason is instrumental since it objectifies the world and reifies other beings in order to render them manipulable. It is a subjective reason because it promotes the subject's own ends and aims at the subject's survival at the expense of the individual's inner world of unconscious desires and instincts and the reconciliation of human beings with the external world. The myth of Ulysses is magnificantly interpreted by Horkheimer and Adorno along such anthropological lines. As I see it, this anthropology inexorably connects the advent of civilization with the reifying power of reason from the start. Against the early Frankfurt School anthropological explanation of reason, I defend the distinction between communicative and strategic rationality that presupposes a different anthropology from the Freudian one that informed the Dialectic of Enlightenment. Key Words: Adorno alienation critique culture Enlightenment Freud Habermas Horkheimer Lukács Marcuse paradox of reason reason self-preservation subjectivity.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Marianna Papastephanou & Charoula Angeli (2007). Critical Thinking Beyond Skill. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (6):604–621.
Similar books and articles
Max Horkheimer (1974). Critique of Instrumental Reason. New York,Seabury Press.
Max Horkheimer (2002). Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments. Stanford University Press.
John W. Tate (1997). Dead or Alive?: Reflective Versus Unreflective Traditions. Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (4):71-91.
William J. Wainwright (1995). Reason and the Heart: A Prolegomenon to a Critique of Passional Reason. Cornell University Press.
Max Horkheimer (1974/1985). Critique of Instrumental Reason: Lectures and Essays Since the End of World War Ii. Continuum.
Jacques Derrida (2003). The "World" of the Enlightenment to Come. Research in Phenomenology 33 (1):9-52.
Alfredo Lucero-Montano (2006). Horkheimer and Adorno's Dialectic of Enlightenment. Philosophy Pathways 114.
Yvonne Sherratt (1999). Instrumental Reason's Unreason. Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (4):23-42.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #227,445 of 1,724,741 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,121 of 1,724,741 )
How can I increase my downloads?