David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognition 98 (3):75-87 (2006)
How do we talk about events we perceive? And how tight is the connection between linguistic and non-linguistic representations of events? To address these questions, we experimentally compared motion descriptions produced by children and adults in two typologically distinct languages, Greek and English. Our findings confirm a well-known asymmetry between the two languages, such that English speakers are overall more likely to include manner of motion information than Greek speakers. However, mention of manner of motion in Greek speakers' descriptions increases significantly when manner is not inferable; by contrast, inferability of manner has no measurable effect on motion descriptions in English, where manner is already preferentially encoded. These results show that speakers actively monitor aspects of event structure, which do not find their way into linguistic descriptions. We conclude that, in regard to the differential encoding of path and manner, which has sometimes been offered as a prime example of the effects of language encoding on non-linguistic thought, surface linguistic encoding neither faithfully represents nor strongly constrains our mental representation of events
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ann Bunger, John C. Trueswell & Anna Papafragou (2012). The Relation Between Event Apprehension and Utterance Formulation in Children: Evidence From Linguistic Omissions. Cognition 122 (2):135-149.
Michele I. Feist (2010). Motion Through Syntactic Frames. Cognition 115 (1):192-196.
Similar books and articles
Jeff Loucks & Eric Pederson (2010). Linguistic and Non-Linguistic Categorization of Complex Motion Events. In Jürgen Bohnemeyer & Eric Pederson (eds.), Event Representation in Language and Cognition. Cambridge University Press.
Anna Papafragou (2002). Shake, Rattle, 'N' Roll: The Representation of Motion in Language and Cognition. Cognition 84 (2):189-219.
John C. Trueswell & Anna Papafragou, Perceiving and Remembering Events Cross-Linguistically: Evidence From Dual-Task Paradigms.
Laura Lakusta & Barbara Landau (2012). Language and Memory for Motion Events: Origins of the Asymmetry Between Source and Goal Paths. Cognitive Science 36 (3):517-544.
Anna Papafragou (2010). Source-Goal Asymmetries in Motion Representation: Implications for Language Production and Comprehension. Cognitive Science 34 (6):1064-1092.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #112,987 of 1,088,784 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,666 of 1,088,784 )
How can I increase my downloads?