David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Axiomathes 15 (4):541-573 (2005)
The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework of lexical meaning, broadly along the lines of Cognitive Semantics (Langacker 1987a). Within the proposed model, all aspects of meaning are to be explained in terms of properties of ontologies in conceptual space, i.e. properties of content ontologies and schematic ontologies and construals which are imposed on the conceptual structures on the occasion of use. It is through the operations of construals on ontological structures that different readings of lexical expressions arise. Lexical meanings are dynamic and sensitive to contextual demands, rather than fixed and stable. In a dynamic, usage-based model like this, polysemy and multiple readings emerge as a natural consequence of the human ability to think flexibly. Another more specific purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the usefulness of ontologies in linguistic research in general and semantic modelling in particular.
|Keywords||adjectives cognitive semantics construal linguistics nouns ontology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
George Lakoff (1987). Women, Fire and Dangerous Thing: What Catergories Reveal About the Mind. University of Chicago Press.
George Lakoff (1980/2003). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.
Gregory L. Murphy (2004). The Big Book of Concepts. The MIT Press.
Ray Jackendoff (2002). Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution. Oxford University Press Uk.
Peter Gärdenfors (2002). Conceptual Spaces. The Geometry of Thought. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (1):180-181.
Citations of this work BETA
Similar books and articles
Jess Gropen (1992). Affectedness and Direct Objects : The Role of Lexical Semantics in the Acquisition of Verb Argument Structure. In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell 153-195.
Erich Schweighofer & Doris Liebwald (2007). Advanced Lexical Ontologies and Hybrid Knowledge Based Systems: First Steps to a Dynamic Legal Electronic Commentary. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (2):103-115.
József Andor (2003). On the Role of Frame-Based Knowledge in Lexical Representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):667-668.
J. Pustejovsky & Bran Boguraev (eds.) (1997). Lexical Semantics: The Problem of Polysemy. Oxford University Press.
Kent Johnson (2007). An Overview of Lexical Semantics. Philosophy Compass 3 (1):119-134.
Barbara Heller & Heinrich Herre (2004). Ontological Categories in GOL. Axiomathes 14 (1-3):57-76.
Yael Ravin (1990). Lexical Semantics Without Thematic Roles. Oxford University Press.
Jerry Fodor & Ernie Lepore (2001). Why Compositionality Won't Go Away: Reflections on Horwich's 'Deflationary' Theory. Ratio 14 (4):350–368.
D. J. Saab (2009). A Conceptual Investigation of the Ontological Commensurability of Spatial Data Infrastructures Among Different Cultures. Earth Science Informatics 2 (4):283-297.
Pablo Gamallo (2013). Lexical Inheritance with Meronymic Relationships. Axiomathes 23 (1):165-185.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads47 ( #72,555 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #61,095 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?