David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies (2):1-16 (2013)
Terms such as ‘exist’, ‘actual’, etc., (hereafter, “ontic terms”) are recognized as having uses that are not ontologically committing, in addition to the usual commissive uses. (Consider, e.g., the Platonic and the neutral readings of ‘There is an even prime’.) In this paper, I identify five different noncommissive uses for ontic terms, and (by a kind of via negativa) attempt to define the commissive use, focusing on ‘actual’ as my example. The problem, however, is that the resulting definiens for the commissive ‘actual’ is itself equivocal between a commissive and a noncommissive reading. I thus consider other proposals for defining the commissive use, including two proposals from David Lewis. However, each proposal is found to be equivocal in the same way—and eventually I argue that it is impossible to define an ontic term unequivocally. Even so, this is not meant to overshadow that we can understand an ontic term as univocally commissive, in certain conversational contexts. I close by illustrating the import of these observations for the Hirsch–Sider debate in metaontology.
|Keywords||Quine on ontology Existence Metaontology Theodore Sider Eli Hirsch David Lewis Jody Azzouni Regimentation Being qua being|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Theodore Sider (2011). Writing the Book of the World. Oxford University Press.
Jonathan Schaffer (2009). On What Grounds What. In David Manley, David J. Chalmers & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press 347-383.
W. V. Quine (1976). The Ways of Paradox, and Other Essays. Harvard University Press.
Hartry Field (1980). Science Without Numbers. Princeton University Press.
J. L. Austin (1962). Sense and Sensibilia. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Seahwa Kim (2012). Modal Tense and the Absolutely Unrestricted Quantifier. Acta Analytica 27 (1):73-76.
Uriah Kriegel (2011). Two Defenses of Common-Sense Ontology. Dialectica 65 (2):177-204.
Jamin Asay (2010). How to Express Ontological Commitment in the Vernacular. Philosophia Mathematica 18 (3):293-310.
Yvonne Raley (2007). Ontology, Commitment, and Quine's Criterion. Philosophia Mathematica 15 (3):271-290.
Gerald Marsh (2010). Is the Hirsch-Sider Dispute Merely Verbal? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):459-469.
Added to index2009-08-23
Total downloads342 ( #5,311 of 1,792,063 )
Recent downloads (6 months)16 ( #50,371 of 1,792,063 )
How can I increase my downloads?