Some problems concerning the logic of grammatical modifiers

Synthese 21 (3-4):320 - 334 (1970)
This paper consists principally of selections from a much longer work on the semantics of English. It discusses some problems concerning how to represent grammatical modifiers (e.g. slowly in x drives slowly) in a logically perspicuous notation. A proposal of Reichenbach's is given and criticized; then a new theory (apparently discovered independently by myself, Romain Clark, and Richard Montague and Hans Kamp) is given, in which grammatical modifiers are represented by operators added to a first-order predicate calculus. Finally some problems concerning applications of adjectives to that-clauses and gerundive-clauses are discussed.
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    References found in this work BETA
    Rudolf Carnap (1937). The Logical Syntax of Language. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd..

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    Citations of this work BETA
    Thomas Schwartz (1975). The Logic of Modifiers. Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (3):361 - 380.
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