What is the role of empirical research in bioethical reflection and decision-making? An ethical analysis
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):41-53 (2004)
The field of bioethics is increasingly coming into contact with empirical research findings. In this article, we ask what role empirical research can play in the process of ethical clarification and decision-making. Ethical reflection almost always proceeds in three steps: the description of the moral question,the assessment of the moral question and the evaluation of the decision-making. Empirical research can contribute to each step of this process. In the description of the moral object, first of all, empirical research has a role to play in the description of morally relevant facts. It plays a role in answering the “reality-revealing questions” (what, why,how, who, where and when), in assessing the consequences and in proposing alternative courses of action. Secondly, empirical research plays a role in assessing the moral question. It must be acknowledged that research possesses “the normative power of the factual,” which can also become normative by suppressing other norms. However, inductive normativity should always be balanced out by a deductive form of normativity. Thirdly, empirical research also has a role to play in evaluating the decision-making process. It can rule out certain moral choices by pointing out the occurrence of certain unexpected consequences or effects. It can also be useful, however, as a sociology of bioethics in which the discipline of bioethics itself becomes an object of research
|Keywords||empirical ethics empirical research ethical methodology medical ethics meta-ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Dr med Sabine Salloch (2012). „Evidenzbasierte Ethik“? – Über hypothetische und kategorische Handlungsnormen in der Medizin. Ethik in der Medizin 24 (1):5-17.
A. H. G. van Elteren, T. A. Abma & G. A. M. Widdershoven (2012). Empirical Ethics Within Rapidly Changing Practices. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (04):493-504.
Reidun Førde (2012). How Can Empirical Ethics Improve Medical Practice? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (4):517-526.
Malcolm Parker (2005). End Games: Euthanasia Under Interminable Scrutiny. Bioethics 19 (5-6):523-536.
Marcus Düwell (2009). Wofür braucht die Medizinethik empirische Methoden? Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):201-211.
Similar books and articles
Armin Grunwald (2004). The Normative Basis of (Health) Technology Assessment and the Role of Ethical Expertise. Poiesis and Praxis 2 (s 2-3):175-193.
Joseph G. P. Paolillo & Scott J. Vitell (2002). An Empirical Investigation of the Influence of Selected Personal, Organizational and Moral Intensity Factors on Ethical Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 35 (1):65 - 74.
David Fritzsche & E. Oz (2007). Personal Values' Influence on the Ethical Dimension of Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
Anna-Maija Lämsä & Tuomo Takala (2000). Downsizing and Ethics of Personnel Dismissals — the Case of Finnish Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 23 (4):389 - 399.
Eugene C. Hargrove (1985). The Role of Rules in Ethical Decision Making. Inquiry 28 (1-4):3 – 42.
Marc D. Basson (1983). Bioethical Decision-Making: A Reply to Ackerman. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):181-186.
David C. Wyld & Coy A. Jones (1997). The Importance of Context: The Ethical Work Climate Construct and Models of Ethical Decision Making -- An Agenda for Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):465-472.
Rommel Salvador & Robert G. Folger (2009). Business Ethics and the Brain. Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):1-31.
Robert A. Pearlman, Steven H. Miles & Robert M. Arnold (1993). Contributions of Empirical Research to Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3).
Terry W. Loe, Linda Ferrell & Phylis Mansfield (2000). A Review of Empirical Studies Assessing Ethical Decision Making in Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 25 (3):185 - 204.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads8 ( #198,838 of 1,692,211 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #111,548 of 1,692,211 )
How can I increase my downloads?