David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 (3):281-289 (2009)
The Marburg neo-Kantians argue that Hermann von Helmholtz's empiricist account of the a priori does not account for certain knowledge, since it is based on a psychological phenomenon, trust in the regularities of nature. They argue that Helmholtz's account raises the 'problem of validity' (Gueltigkeitsproblem): how to establish a warranted claim that observed regularities are based on actual relations. I reconstruct Heinrich Hertz's and Ludwig Wittgenstein's Bild theoretic answer to the problem of validity: that scientists and philosophers can depict the necessary a priori constraints on states of affairs in a given system, and can establish whether these relations are actual relations in nature. The analysis of necessity within a system is a lasting contribution of the Bild theory. However, Hertz and Wittgenstein argue that the logical and mathematical sentences of a Bild are rules, tools for constructing relations, and the rules themselves are meaningless outside the theory. Carnap revises the argument for validity by attempting to give semantic rules for translation between frameworks. Russell and Quine object that pragmatics better accounts for the role of a priori reasoning in translating between frameworks. The conclusion of the tale, then, is a partial vindication of Helmholtz's original account.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Ernst Cassirer (2005). Hermann Cohen and the Renewal of Kantian Philosophy. Angelaki 10 (1):95 – 108.
Robert DiSalle (1993). Helmholtz's Empiricist Philosophy of Mathematics. Between Laws of Perception and Laws of Nature. In David Cahan (ed.), Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press. 498--521.
Dorothy Emmet, Ernst Cassirer, W. H. Woglom & C. W. Hendel (1951). The Problem of Knowledge. Philosophy, Science, and History Since Hegel. Philosophical Quarterly 1 (5):462.
H. Helmholtz (1977). On the Origin and Signiﬁcance of the Axioms of Geometry. In Robert Cohen & Elkana Yehuda (eds.), Hermann von Helmholtz: Epistemological Writings. Reidel.
Hermann Helmholtz (1878). The Facts in Perception. In R. Kahl (ed.), Selected Writings of Hermann Helmholtz. Wesleyan University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Dan McArthur (2008). Theory Change, Structural Realism, and the Relativised a Priori. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):5 – 20.
Cian Dorr (2012). De Re A Priori Knowledge. Mind 120 (480):939-991.
Robert Stalnaker (2001). On Considering a Possible World as Actual. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (75):141-156.
Maja Malec (2004). A Priori Knowledge Contextualised and Benacerraf's Dilemma. Acta Analytica 19 (33):31-44.
D. Gene Witmer (2006). How to Be a (Sort of) A Priori Physicalist. Philosophical Studies 131 (1):185-225.
Michaelis Michael (2004). The Problems with Double-Indexing Accounts of the a Priori. Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):67-81.
Sinan Dogramaci (2010). Knowledge of Validity. Noûs 44 (3):403-432.
Jaroslav Peregrin (2007). Logical Rules and the a Priori: Good and Bad Questions. In Jean-Yves Béziau & Alexandre Costa-Leite (eds.), Perspectives on Universal Logic. 111--122.
Michael Veber (2006). Not Too Proud to Beg (the Question): Why Inferentialism Cannot Account for the a Priori. Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):113-131.
Tuomas E. Tahko (2008). A New Definition of A Priori Knowledge: In Search of a Modal Basis. Metaphysica 9 (2):57-68.
Added to index2009-08-29
Total downloads96 ( #11,679 of 1,098,889 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #114,377 of 1,098,889 )
How can I increase my downloads?