The Rubber Hand Illusion Reveals Proprioceptive and Sensorimotor Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorders
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Autism spectrum disorder is characterised by differences in unimodal and multimodal sensory and proprioceptive processing, with complex biases towards local over global processing. Many of these elements are implicated in versions of the rubber hand illusion, which were therefore studied in high-functioning individuals with ASD and a typically developing control group. Both groups experienced the illusion. A number of differences were found, related to proprioception and sensorimotor processes. The ASD group showed reduced sensitivity to visuotactile-proprioceptive discrepancy but more accurate proprioception. This group also differed on acceleration in subsequent reach trials. Results are discussed in terms of weak top-down integration and precision-accuracy trade-offs. The RHI appears to be a useful tool for investigating multisensory processing in ASD
|Keywords||Autism spectrum disorder Rubber hand illusion Sensory integration Proprioception|
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Jakob Hohwy, Bryan Paton & Colin Palmer (2016). Distrusting the Present. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 15 (3):315-335.
Jon Brock (2012). Alternative Bayesian Accounts of Autistic Perception: Comment on Pellicano and Burr. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (12):573-574.
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