David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):141-145 (2008)
I will argue that there are difficulties with the application of the four principles approach to incompetent children. The most important principle – respect for autonomy – is not directly applicable to incompetent children and the most appropriate modification of the principle for them is not clear. The principle of beneficence – that one should act in the child’s interests – is complicated by difficulties in assessing what a child’s interests are and to which standard of interests those choosing for children should be held. A further problem with the four principles approach is that parental authority does not follow clearly from the four principles.
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A. Boyce & P. Borry (2009). Parental Authority, Future Autonomy, and Assessing Risks of Predictive Genetic Testing in Minors. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):379-385.
Giles Birchley (2010). What Limits, If Any, Should Be Placed on a Parent's Right to Consent and/or Refuse to Consent to Medical Treatment for Their Child? Nursing Philosophy 11 (4):280-285.
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