David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3) (1993)
Empirical research pertaining to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), clinician behaviors related to do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders and substituted judgment suggests potential contributions to medical ethics. Research quantifying the likelihood of surviving CPR points to the need for further philosophical analysis of the limitations of the patient autonomy in decision making, the nature and definition of medical futility, and the relationship between futility and professional standards. Research on DNR orders has identified barriers to the goal of patient involvement in these life and death discussions. The initial data on surrogate decision making also points to the need for a reexamination of the moral basis for substituted judgment, the moral authority of proxy decision making and the second-order status of the best interests standard. These examples of empirical research suggest that an interplay between empirical research, ethical analysis and policy development may represent a new form of interdisciplinary scholarship to improve clinical medicine.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jaklin Eliott & Ian Olver (2008). Choosing Between Life and Death: Patient and Family Perceptions of the Decision Not to Resuscitate the Terminally Ill Cancer Patient. Bioethics 22 (3):179–189.
Similar books and articles
Terry W. Loe, Linda Ferrell & Phylis Mansfield (2000). A Review of Empirical Studies Assessing Ethical Decision Making in Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 25 (3):185 - 204.
Albert W. Musschenga (2005). Empirical Ethics, Context-Sensitivity, and Contextualism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (5):467 – 490.
Alan G. Johnson (2006). Making Sense of Medical Ethics: A Hands-on Guide. Distributed in the U.S.A. By Oxford University Press.
Alireza Bagheri, Atsushi Asai & Ryuichi Ida (2006). Experts' Attitudes Towards Medical Futility: An Empirical Survey From Japan. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-7.
Peter Mercer, Terra Strong & Margaret Ann Wilkinson, The Practice of Ethical Precepts: Dissecting Decision-Making by Lawyers.
Jeremy Sugarman (2004). Using Empirical Data to Inform the Ethical Evaluation of Placebo Controlled Trials. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):29-35.
Joan E. Sieber (2004). Empirical Research on Research Ethics. Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):397 – 412.
Adil E. Shamoo (2009). Responsible Conduct of Research. Oxford University Press.
Stella Reiter-Theil (2004). Does Empirical Research Make Bioethics More Relevant? “The Embedded Researcher” as a Methodological Approach. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):17-29.
Mats Johansson & Linus Broström (2008). Turning Failures Into Successes: A Methodological Shortcoming in Empirical Research on Surrogate Accuracy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (1):17-26.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #146,756 of 1,101,604 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #292,059 of 1,101,604 )
How can I increase my downloads?